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Archive for May, 2008

The Sunnah Upon Which Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم Died

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

1 – The first: Being pleased and content with the Qadaa (Ordainment) of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, and submitting to His command, having patience upon His ruling, taking that which He has commanded and refraining from that which He has forbidden.

2. Having faith in Qadar, its good and its evil.

3. Abandoning quarrelling and argumentation in the religion.

4. Wiping of the khuffs [leather socks]

5. Participating in jihad with every Khalifah, whether righteous or sinful.

6. Performing [funeral] prayer over whoever dies from the people of the qiblal

7. That faith consists of speech and action, it increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience.

8. That the Qur’an is the Speech of Allah سبحانه و تعالى [which was] revealed upon the heart of His Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم It is not created, in whatever fashion it is recited or rehearsed.

9. Having patience under the banner of the one in authority, in whatever condition he may be in, just or unjust.

10. That we do not set out [in revolt] against the Rulers with the sword, even if they are unjust and oppressive.

11. That we do not declare anyone from among the people of Tawheed a disbeliever even if they commit the major sins.

12. Refraining from [talking about] whatever occurred between the Companions of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم.

13. That the best of mankind after the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم are: Abu Bakr رضي الله تعالى عنه , ‘Umar رضي الله تعالى عنه , ‘Uthman رضي الله تعالى عنه , and ‘Ali رضي الله تعالى عنه , the cousin of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم

14. Asking for Allaah’s mercy for all of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah رضي الله تعالى عنهم, and also for his offspring, his wives and his kinship through marriage may the pleasure of Allah سبحانه و تعالى be upon them all.

This is the Sunnah – stick fast to it and you will be safe. Taking its guidance and abandoning it is going astray.”

Taken from the book, “Usul as Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal رحمه الله Pages 44-6

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Islam is Universal not Nationalistic

Islam is Universal not Nationalistic

بسمالله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

Allah سبحانه و تعالى revealed the Glorious Qur’an in Arabic upon his messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم to warn humanity. It is an honour to the Arabs that Allah سبحانه و تعالى chose Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم as messenger and prophet from among them, and revealed the Qur’an in Arabic.

Allah سبحانه و تعالى Says:

“We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an, In order that you may learn wisdom”

{Noble Qur’an 12:2}

‘Arabic Qur’an’ Means revealed in the Arabic language, the (tongue) speech of the Arabs.

Allah Says:

“And this book confirms, In Arabic tongue”

{Noble Qur’an 46:12}

For the Qur’an to be in Arabic does not make Islam limited to the Arabs, because Allah سبحانه و تعالى sent the message Universal and encompassing to All. Islam is for the world. Allah Says:

“We have not sent you but to all mankind, giving them glad tidings and warnings”

{Noble Qur’an 34:28}

It is narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله تعالى عنه that the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم says:

“I am given five that has not been given to any one before me, Every prophet was sent to his people, and I was sent to every red and black…”

The messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم started his Da’wah to the Arabs in Mecca, because he was among them. He moved to Madinah after he got their Allegiance in the Second Bai’yah of Al – Aqabah ( the Allegiance of War). He established the first Islamic State. Then, through the power of the state and Jihad preceded by Da’wah, he conquered by the well of Allah the Arabian Peninsula. Thereafter, he pursued the world by sending letters to the kings of Persia and Rome and others. The companions and the Muslims after them followed suite in carrying Islam to the world, through Da’wah and Jihad. Doing so, Allah سبحانه و تعالى established the Muslims in earth and humiliated Kufr and Shirk. The kufr states were defeated, and Muslims became the leaders of the world leading humanity to mercy and guidance. They established the rule of Islam at every place they controlled. Whoever becomes Muslim joins the Ummah to become part of it without distinguishing between Arabs or non Arabs. All Muslims are brothers enjoy the same rights and have the same duties.

Allah سبحانه و تعالى Says:

“So that by His Grace you became brothers”

{Noble Qur’an 3:103}

“The Believers are but brothers”

{Noble Qur’an 49:10}

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم says that:

“The Muslim is the brother of Muslim does not oppress him nor give him away”

The messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم stated in the document written in Madinah between Muslims and Jews that ‘The Believers are one distinct Ummah.’ And said ‘A Believer shell not execute a Believer for a Kafir, Support shell not be given to a Kafir over a Believer, The allegiance to Allah is one and the least of Muslims can lead. The Believers are the support for each other out of all people.’

Islam is a universal message; nonetheless, Allah سبحانه و تعالى obliged spreading Islam to the world and utilizing Arabic language. Islam and Arabic are inseparable. For Da’wah to be effective both have to melt into one because both have the capacity to affect, encompass and spread. Also, the correct carrying and implementation of Islam depends heavily on the understanding of Arabic. Occurring daily issues require new rulings which necessitate the process of Ijtihad. A detailed knowledge of the Arabic language, it s grammar, styles, expressions and meanings is an absolute requirement for Ijtihad.

Having the ability to do Ijtihad in Shari’ah is Fardu Kefaya -conditional obligation- that is needed for the life of the Ummah as much as food and water. It has to be clear that the necessity to mix Islam with Arabic does not mean associating Islam with Nationalism. They are two separate entities. Islam is an ideology based on the Islamic creed -Aqeedah- and a body of laws and systems organizing life affairs.

However, Nationalism is an emotional bond between individuals of specific ethnicity. It is a prejudice tribal bond that emanates from the instinct of survival and the drive for superiority. It is not fit to bind humans or unify them on any thought. While progress requires the elevation of thinking level in society, Nationalism is thoughtless. It does not have a system of live, thus it is invalid for progress. The haleness of Nationalism is realized even by its carriers; therefore, the nationalists seek the support of the existing systems. They use emotions to call for superior ethnicity which causes division and dispute between nations over sovereignty. A simple screen of Arab countries like Iraq, Syria, Morocco and Algeria where different ethnicity’s live shows the extent of dispute Nationalism caused.

The Arabs, Kurds, Turks and Barb’s try to impose control over each others or separate into their own mini states. Islam has forbidden the call for Nationalism. Islam strives to abolish Nationalism and label whoever calls for it as an outsider to the Ummah. The Prophet says that:

“Whoever calls for Nationalism is not one of Us.”

.

It was narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله تعالى عنه that the prophet

صلى الله عليه وسلم said that:

“Whoever fights under nationalistic banner, gets angry for it, calls for it or supports it, and for that gets killed then its a death of Jahilyah”

and says that:

“whoever honours himself with the honours of Jahilyah, then let him suck his father’s penis, and don’t shy out of saying it”

and said that:

“People must stop dignifying themselves by their ancestors, or they will be to Allah less than (Al-Jual) scraps the filth by its nose.”

Nationalism is foreign to Islam. It is founded in the Muslim countries by the help of Kufr states. It is used to divert Muslims from Islam, divide their unity and demolish their state. Consequently, Kufr established its ideologies and systems upon Muslims and prevented Khilafah from coming back to the world. It is a noticeable phenomena that the leaders and founders of the nationalistic movements in the Muslim countries are non Muslims.

The Call for Nationalism is a call for Jahilyah that is Haram. It is an adverse to Islam and a great sin. Its punishment is hell fire and a miserable future. The nationalist parties strive to divert Muslims from their Deen and Aqeedah and work to pr event the re-establishment of Islamic rules and Khilafah. Therefore, taking part in such movements or parties is a sin forbidden by Islam.

On the other hand, Allah سبحانه و تعالى obliged Muslims to commit their lives to Islam and drive all activities and relationships accordingly. However, Islam has been absent from the lives of Muslims. It is absent from the political structure, the domestic and international relations, the economy, the educational policy and the individual affairs. Understanding this reality is an obligation upon us to strive to reverse this process. We must re-establish the rule of Allah سبحانه و تعالى on earth and bring back Khilafah to carry Islam to the world.

The Muslims are in great sin as long as the rules of Kufr and its systems are being applied and as long as the rules of Islam are not fully implemented. The only way to erase this sin is by being actively involved in the work to re-establish Khilafah. To this work we call the Muslims, to liberate our Ummah from the painful reality in which it lives. We have to liberate it from the division and the humiliation of miseries. Liberate the Ummah from the wars in which it lost the best of its youth. The wars that consumed its wealth and destroyed its weapons.

To liberate the Ummah from the control of Kufr and Kafirs, to bring back its Islam and to revive it as an honourable, dignified and feared Ummah, we call you – Muslims. We have to be an Ummah that affect changes in the world arena and be able to take the lead and be the first power in the world as it used to be. Allah سبحانه و تعالى Says:

“O’ you who believe, respond to Allah and His messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم when He call you to that which will give you life, And know that Allah cometh in between and his heart, and that It is He to whom you shall all be gathered.”

[Noble Qur’an 8:24]

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Is the Veil Religious or Cultural?

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Is the Veil Religious or Cultural?

In the Light of Qur’an and Sunnah

By Shaykh Hafidhuddin and proofread by Brother Arfan Khan (May Allah سبحانه و تهالى reward them both)

بسمالله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

After you have read this pamphlet; ponder over the words of the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of the Holy Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam)) and decide for yourself whether the veil is indeed religious or cultural?

On Friday 6th October, 2006,s Jack Straw’s (who was demoted and replaced by Margaret Beckett as Foreign Secretary) comments about the veil stirred controversy, so, therefore it has become paramount for me to write an article on the Niqaab.

If the Hijab is a screen of privacy, then the Niqaab is a better screen; if the Hijab helps develop Taqwa (piety, self-restraint, fear of Allah Taa’la), then the Niqaab helps develop more Taqwa; if the Hijab is a jihad (struggle) that purifies the soul, then the Niqaab is a greater jihad and if the Hijab is a protection for our mothers and sisters, then the Niqaab is a better protection.

Let’s begin by looking at the revelation of the Hijaab. The wives of the Holy Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open place (near Jannah tul Baqi in Madinah tul Munawarrah) to answer the call of nature at night. Hadhrat Umar (Radi Allah Anho), the righteous Leader of the Believers used to say to the Holy Prophet “Let your wives be veiled,” but Allah Taa’la’s Apostle did not do so, as He (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) was simply waiting for a revelation from Allah Taa’la! One night Hadhrat Sauda bint Zam’a (Radi Allah Anha), the wife of the Holy Prophet went out at Isha time and she was a tall lady. Hadhrat Umar (Radi Allah Anho) addressed her and said, “I have recognised you, O Sauda (Radi Allah Anha).” He said so, as he desired eagerly that the verses of Al-Hijab (the observing of veils by the Muslim women) may be revealed; (“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:59) So, Allah Taa’la revealed the above verses of “Al-Hijab” (A complete body cover excluding the eyes). (Bukhaari Book1: Hadith Number 148). Umm ul Mu’mineen, the Mother of the Believers, Hadhrat Aisha (Radi Allah Anha) used to say: “When (the Verse): ‘They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms,’ was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.” (Bukhaari Book 6: Hadith Number 282) Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalanee (Alayhi Rahmah), who is known as Ameer Al-Mu’mineen in the field of Hadith, said that the phrase, “Covered themselves”, in the above Hadith means that they “Covered their faces”. (Fath al Bari). Now you have to think who would understand these verses better than Hadhrat Aisha (Radi Allah Anha) the MOST knowledgeable woman in the matters of Din (religion) and the wife of our Blessed Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam)?

The first Hadith which has been quoted by Imam Bukhaari (Alayhi Rahmah). Who was Imam Bukhaari (Alayhi Rahmah)? He wasn’t a politician or a scholar of this century, but, Imam Bukhaari (Alayhi Rahmah) was born 194 years after the passing away of our beloved Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) (194 A.H.) Imam al-Bukhaari Alayhi Rahmah) is one of the most eminent of those pious righteous scholars who has given endless bliss to the Ummah of the Holy Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam). This is made apparent in the book of Ahadith called an-Nabawi that Imam Al Bukhaari (Alayhi Rahmah) had compiled, commonly known as Sahih al-Bukhaari. It is universally acknowledged as the most authentic book after the Holy Qur’an. So long as there is one Muslim left on the earth, the blessings of Imam Bukhaari (Alayhi Rahmah) will remain.

Imam Ghazali (Alayhi Rahmah) mentions in his famous book of Fiqh, Ihyaal Uloom that, “Woman emerged during the time of Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam) with Niqaabs on their faces.” Again who was Imam Ghazali (Alayhi Rahmah)? He too was neither a politician nor a scholar of this century, but, Imam Ghazali (Alayhi Rahmah) was born 450 years (450 A.H) after the passing away of our beloved Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur RasulluLah (Sal-Allaahu Alayhi Wasallam). Shaykh Yusuf al-Qaradawi of Egypt states that, like Hadhrat Umar ibn Abd al Aziz and Imam al-Shaafi’ee for their respective times, Imam al-Ghazali is unanimously considered the ‘Renewer’ of the Fifth Islamic Century.

Let’s very briefly look at some other commentaries of the Holy Qur’an by renowned scholars of Islam:

TafsirIbn Kathir:
Allah (Taa’la) commanded the Muslim women to cover this sheet on top of them to cover their bodies except one eye, when it is necessary for them to come out of their homes.

Tafsir –xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Imam Muhammad bin Sirin (Alayhi Rahmah) said: “When I asked Hadhrat Ubaida bin Sufyan bin al-Haarith (Radi Allah Anho) the meaning of this verse (Surah Ahzab) and how the jalbaab was to be worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling a sheet of cloth over his head to cover his entire body, leaving the left eye uncovered. This was also the explanation of the word ‘Alay Hinna’ of the verse.” (Commentary by Ibn Jarir; Ahkam-ul-Qur’an, Volume 3: pg. 457)

Tafsir Ruh-ul-Ma’anixxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Ibn Jarir Tabari and Ibn Al-Mundhir (Alayhim Rahmah) described the method of wearing the jalbaab according to Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allah Anho) and Hadhrat Qatadah (Radi Allah Anho). The sheet should be wrapped around from the top, covering the forehead, then bringing one side of the sheet to cover the face below the eyes so that most of the face and the upper body is covered. This will leave both eyes uncovered (which is allowed in necessity). (Volume 22: pg. 89)

Shaykh Ibn Uthaimin (Alayhi Rahmah) writes in his Fatwa that, “the first of those bodily parts that a woman must cover is her face. It is the source of temptation and the source of people desiring her. Therefore, the woman must cover her face in front of those men that are not her Mahram.” (I.e. brother-in-law, cousins, etc.). It is not possible that there could be in the Esteemed, Wise and Noble Shari’ah a contradiction. How can one say that the Shari’ah does no allow the exposure of the foot of the woman while it allows her to uncover her face? Everyone knows that the attraction from uncovering the face is much greater than the attraction that results from the uncovering of the feet. Everyone also knows that the most required aspect of the woman for men is naturally the face. If you told a potential groom that a woman’s face is ugly but her feet are beautiful, do you honestly think he would propose to such a woman? I, along with all the readers, think NOT!!!!! However, if you told him that her face was beautiful but her hands, palms, or shins were less than beautiful, he would still propose to her. From this one can conclude that the face is the primary thing that must be covered. There are also evidences from the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of our Holy Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur Rasullullaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam). There are also statements from the Sahaabah (Ridhwaanullaahi Alayhim Ajma’een), the leading Imams and the great scholars of Islam that indicate that it is obligatory for the woman to cover all of her body in the presence of non-Mahram men. This obviously indicates that it is obligatory upon the woman to cover her face in front of such men. The Jamia tul Ulama Junbi Africa state in the book ‘Islamic Hijab’ on page 12 that the proper opinion for the Hanafi Madhab is that, “A woman must be properly and thoroughly covered in a loose outer cloak which totally conceals her entire body including her face!”xHadhrat Ibn Abbas was no ordinary Sahaabah, but, in fact Ibn Abbas (Radi Allah Anho) was one of the most learned men from the Sahaabah (Ridhwaanullaahi Alayhim Ajma’een). Rasullullaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) even made Du’aa for him saying, “O Allah (Taa’la), make him acquire a deep understanding of the religion of Islam and instruct him in the meaning and interpretation of things.” He has been cited in Ma’rif ul Qur’an with reference to Surah Ahzab on the authority of Hadhrat Ibn Jarir (Radi Allah Anho) with a Sahih (authentic) chain of narrators that “The Muslim women are ordered to cover their head and faces with outer garments except for one eye.” Now this is the interpretation of the Qur’an from a companion of the Holy Prophet, Hadhrat Muhammad-ur Rasullullaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) for whom Rasullullaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) made Du’aa to be able to understand the interpretation of the Holy Qur’an.

Let’s conclude (for now) with Shaykh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid’s fatwa where he mentions, “The most correct opinion, which is supported by evidence, is that it is obligatory to cover the face, therefore young women are forbidden to uncover their faces in front of non-mahram men in order to avoid any mischief, and they should certainly do so when there is fear of Fitnah (temptation).”

MAY ALLAH TAA’LA ENABLE US TO ACT ON THE TRUE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM! AAMEEN

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Prepare for…

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

السلام عليكم و رحمت الله و بركاته

Prepare for the Day when:

1) …all the secrets (deeds, prayers, fasting, etc.) will be examined (as to their truth). {Surah at-Tariq, ayah# 9}

2) … the Dhalim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist, etc.) will bite at his hands, he will say: “Oh! Would that I had taken a path with the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم ).”Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend! “He indeed led me astray from the Reminder (this Qur’an) after it had come to me. And Shaytaan (Satan) is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need.” {Surah al-Furqan, ayaat# 27-9}

3) …the Hour will be established, the Mujrimun (disbelievers, sinners, criminals, polytheists, etc.) will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows, and despair. {Surah ar-Roum, ayah# 12}

4) …the Trumpet will be blown (the second blowing): that Day, We shall gather the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, etc.) Zurqa: (blue or blind eyed with black faces). {Surah TaHa, ayah# 102}

5) …every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah. {Surah al-Hajj, ayah# 2}

Prepare For…

6) that Day shall a man flee from his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children. Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others. {Surah ‘Abasa, ayaat# 34-7}

7) …the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Dhalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), who could be given heed to. {Surah al-Ghafir, ayah# 18}

8) …the Day when no person shall have power (to do) anything for another, and the Decision, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allah.
{Surah al-Infitar, ayah# 19}

9) …that Day man will say: “Where (is the refuge) to flee?” No! There is no refuge

10) …a Day that will make the children grey-headed (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) {Surah al-Muzammil, ayah# 17}

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He who completes the..

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

السلام عليكم و رحمت الله و بركاته

Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas رضي الله تعالى used to say, “He who completes the Qur’an by night, the Angels shower blessings upon him till the morning, and He who completes the Qur’an by morning, the Angels shower blessings upon him till the evening.”

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Try and become…

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

السلام عليكم و رحمت الله و بركاته

Abu Bakrah رضي الله تعالى narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Try and become a scholar of Deen and if you can not become a scholar then become a student of Deen and if you can not become a student then at least listen to them attentively and if you can not listen to them attentively then love them all and don’t become anything else and that is to hate the scholars and Deen least you will be destroyed.”

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O’ Prophet of Allah, I was …

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

السلام عليكم و رحمت الله و بركاته

Anas ibn Malik رضي الله تعالى narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم went to visit Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى. He صلى الله عليه وسلم knocked his door and said, “ASSALAMU ‘ALAYKUM!” Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى answered the salutation in a very low voice which was not audible to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. So the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم greeted for a second time, “ASSALAMU ‘ALAYKUM!” Again Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى answered in a very soft tone. Again the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “ASSALAMU ‘ALAYKUM!” Again Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى answered in a very soft tone. After receiving no audible reply, Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم started walk away from the house. When Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى heard that there were no more salutations then he opened the door and advanced and then embraced the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and welcomed him. So, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Sa’d! I greeted for the first time and I got no reply” Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah رضي الله تعالى said, “O’ Prophet of Allah, I was replying but I thought to myself had I replied in audible voice you would have not greeted for the second time so I thought let me maximise on this opportunity hence answered I discreetly hence you could increase your salutations.”

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