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Archive for July, 2008

One Hundred Weak or Fabricated Traditions

(attributed to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم) famous

among Khutb and Speakers

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

I have attached a word document that contains 100 da’eef (weak)/mawdoo’ (fabricated) famous ahadith. Please read them, take care when you read them elsewhere since they are not be taken as daleel and try to spread this as much as possible insha’Allah so everyone can benefit from this.

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله


Before battle of Badr, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was arranging ranks to launch an attack and was straightening the lines as if he was straightening the lines for the Salah. He was holding an arrow in his hand and he came up to one of the soldiers Sawaad ibn Ghuzaiyyah رضي الله عنه who was protruding a bit from the line. So Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم pushed him back with the arrow in his stomach. Sawaad رضي الله عنه said, “O’ Messenger of Allah, you hurt me! I want to retaliate.” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم exposed his stomach and said, “Go ahead and retaliate.” Sawaad رضي الله عنه hugged Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and kissed his stomach. Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم responded, “Why did you do that?” Sawaad رضي الله عنه answered, “O’ Messenger of Allah, you can see what is about to happen. I wanted my last contact with you to be my skin touching yours.” Then Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم made du‘a for Sawaad رضي الله عنه, “May Allah bless you.”

Lessons to be learnt:

1) Humility of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: He صلى الله عليه و سلم did not tell other soldiers to take him away and got tortured for what he said like leaders of our times would

2) Justice of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم when he allowed the companion رضي الله عنه to retaliate

3) Love of Sawaad رضي الله عنه for Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم

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Lum‘atul I‘tiqaad

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Insha’Allah I am going to post notes of this book from its lecture series

About the Author:

  • This book on ‘Aqeedah was authored by al-Muwaffaq Shaykh-ul-Islam Abu Muhammad ibn ‘AbduLlah ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudaamah ibn Miqdam ibn Nasr ibn ‘AbduLlah al-Maqdisi ad-Dimashqi as-Saalihi al-Faqih رحمه الله

  • He was an Imaam in knowledge as well as actions.

  • It was said regarding him, “مَنْ رَأَىهُ كَأَنٌهُ رَأى بَعْدَ الصٌحَابَه” “Whoever saw him, it was as though he saw some of the companions.”

  • Some ‘Ulamaa’ trace his lineage to the son of ‘AbduLlah ibn ‘Umar, Saalim رضي الله عنهم and thus he is also known as ‘Umari.

  • He was born 541H, in the month of Sha‘ban in the village Jama‘eel in Palestine.

  • He travelled to Damascus with his family when he was 10 years and when the Muslims were beaten by the Crusaders. There he memorised the Qur`an & some of the books concerning certain Islamic Sciences.

  • He, then, travelled to Baghdad in the year 561H along with his maternal cousin who later on became to be known as al-Haafidh Taqi-ud-Deen ‘Abdul Ghani ibn ‘Abdul Waahid al-Jama‘eeli رحمه الله

  • His cousin was known for his knowledge in Fiqh but more specifically in Hadith

  • Imaam Ibn Qudaamah رحمه الله studied for 4 years in Baghdad under some famous scholars then he returned to Damascus.

  • He studied Fiqh until he surpassed his companions & became known to be one of the most knowledgeable scholars. Amongst them were ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani, Nasih al-Islam Abul Fath Nasr ibn Fatiyan also known as Ibn al-Manna رحمهم الله

  • Amongst his many students were Shihab ad-Deen Abu Shamah al-Maqdisi (d. 665H), al-Haafidh Dhaki-ud-Deen Abu Muhammad al-Mundhiri (d.656H) رحمهم الله

  • Sayings of Scholars regarding Imam Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisi رحمه الله:

    1. Ibn Salah al-Shahrazuri رحمه الله said, “I haven’t seen anyone like him.”
    2. Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله said, “No one has entered ash-Shaam since al-Imaam al Awza‘ee who was more knowledgeable in Fiqh than al-Muwaffaq.”
    3. Al-Mundhiri رحمه الله (his student) said, “The great Imaam and Faqih.”
    4. Ad-Dhahabi رحمه الله said, “One of the great, well-known Imaam and he is a person who was authored many books.”
    5. Ibn Kathir رحمه الله said, “Shaykh-ul-Islam Imaam ‘Aalim. There was no one in his or even long before his time more knowledgeable in Fiqh than him.”
    6. Dhia’ al-Maqdisi رحمه الله said, “He was an Imaam in Qur`an and its Tafseer. Imaam in Hadith and its intricate knowledge, Fiqh & Usool al-Fiqh, study of inheritance and Arabic language.”
    7. Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali رحمه الله mentioned, “He has authored many books particularly books of Hanbali Fiqh, its fundamentals as well its branches, books in Hadith, Usool ad-Deen (i.e. ‘Aqeedah).”
  • Books dealing with Fiqh:

1. Al-‘Umdah: a book that was designed for the beginners in Fiqh. In this book he mentions the well-known opinion of the Hanbali Madhhab (only one opinion)

2. Al-Muqn‘a: in this book more than one opinion of the Hanbali Madhhab was mentioned (two opinions) so that the student would choose the stronger opinion.

3. Al-Kaafi: more advanced and detailed book in 4 volumes.

4. Al-Mughni: in this, the author mentioned the opinions of Hanbali Madhhab and the opinions of the other 3 Madhhahib and this book is in 10 volumes.

  • Books dealing with ‘Aqeedah:

1. Al-Qadar (Divine Decree)

2. Dham-ut-Ta’weel (Blameworthiness of Interpretation of the Names of Allah سبحانه وتعالى)

3. Lum‘atul I‘tiqaad

4. Al-‘Uloow

  • Book dealing with Usool al-Fiqh:

Rawdat an-Naadhir wa Jannat-ul-Munaadhir

  • Books dealing with Zuhd:

1. Al Ruqqah wal Bukkah

2. At-Tawwabeen

  • Book dealing with Hadith:

Mukhtasar ‘Illal-ul-Hadith Lil Khallal (concerns with uncovering the hidden defects within Ahadith)

  • Imaam Ibn Qudaamah رحمه الله passed away on the day of ‘Eid al-Fitr in 620H and was buried in Damascus near the Grand Masjid of the people of Hanbali Madhhab.

Principles of Tawheed of Asmaa’ was Sifaat:

1) Obligation towards the Qur`an and Sunnah that mentions the Name or the Attributes of Allah سبحانه و تعالى: We leave to those texts as they are accepting whatever they indicate according to their apparent meaning. Changing it from its obvious meaning is entering into “Al Qawl `Ala Allah Bila `Ilm” “Saying something regarding Allah سبحانه و تعالى without knowledge.”

Proof: Say (O Muhammad (SAW)): “(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al­Fawâhish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allâh for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allâh of which you have no knowledge.”

قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَالْإِثْمَ وَالْبَغْيَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَأَنْ تُشْرِكُوا بِاللَّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ سُلْطَانًا وَأَنْ تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

{Surah al-A`raf, ayah# 33}

2) Names of Allah سبحانه و تعالى: – The Names of Allah سبحانه و تعالى are all perfect

Proof: “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh سبحانه و تعالى, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do”.

وَلِلَّهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَائِهِ ۚ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

{Surah al-A`raf, ayah# 180}

On the authority of Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Don’t speak abusively against Time for verily Allah سبحانه و تعالى is Time.” [Sahih Muslim]

Meaning: As reported from other authentic hadith in which the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Don’t speak abusively against Time for verily Allah سبحانه و تعالى has said, ‘The days and the nights belong to me. I renew them as I like and cause them to go away as I like.’” [Musnad Imam Ahmad] What means here is that He سبحانه و تعالى is the one who controls the time

Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “…Allah سبحانه و تعالى said ‘In My Hand is the Command. I am the one who turns over the night and the day.’” [Sahihayn]

The Names of Allah سبحانه و تعالى are not limited to a particular number.

Proof: ‘AbduLlah ibn Mas‘ud رضي الله عنه reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “O’ Allah, I ask you by every name that belongs to you which you have named yourself with or what you have revealed in your Book or whatever you have taught any one of your creations and even those names that you have kept in the Knowledge of the Unseen.” [Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sahih Ibn Hibban, al-Mustadrak al-Hakim, al-Haafidh ibn Qayyim Shifaa’ al-‘Aleel, Hadith is Sahih]

The names in that are in the Knowledge on the Unseen are not possible for anyone to know. It is not known to the Prophets, nor the Angels and since it’s ‘Ilm-ul-Ghayb, only Allah سبحانه و تعالى knows them and no one else can.

How do we reconcile between the two Hadith in which we know the Allah سبحانه و تعالى has unlimited names whilst the other one (famously known) says that Allah سبحانه و تعالى has ninety-nine names?

Hadith about ninety-nine names:

Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Verily, Allah سبحانه و تعالى has ninety-nine names. Whoever memorises them, acts upon them (the word in Arabic is Ahsaaha) will enter Jannah.” [Sahihayn]

Meaning: Amongst His names there are ninety-nine names, if one memorises them and acts upon them, will enter Jannah.

3) It is not our right to name Allah سبحانه و تعالى based on our intellect nor to negate or deny the names that have been confirmed in Qur`an and authentic Sunnah

4) All the names of Allah سبحانه و تعالى point to His Divine Self. Every one of His names contain a Characteristic that is derived from that name and it is applicable only to Allah سبحانه و تعالى.

We do not attribute any Characteristic to Allah سبحانه و تعالى which is not perfect. But if there is some Characteristic that might be considered to be a characteristic of perfection from one perspective and from another perspective it might contain some aspect of imperfection then we do not consider such characteristic of Allah سبحانه و تعالى nor we deny negate or deny it. Rather we say that such Characteristic is to be looked at from both sides. If one in way it is perfect, we apply it to Allah سبحانه و تعالى but if it does not in another sense, then we do not apply it.

Example: “And (remember) when the disbelievers plotted against you (O Muhammad SAW) to imprison you, or to kill you, or to get you out (from your home, i.e. Makkah); they were plotting and Allâh too was planning, and Allâh is the Best of the planners”

وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ ۚ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ ۖ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ.

{Surah al-An`aam, ayah# 30}

The characteristic of Makra (planning) is only used in the Qur`an in response to the disbelievers when they are plotting and planning against Islam and Allah سبحانه و تعالى plans against them and He is the best of planners.

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Anas رضي الله عنه reported: When Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم came to Madinah, Abu Talhah took hold of my hand and brought me to Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم and said: Allah’s Messenger, Anas is a prudent young boy, and he will serve you. He (Anas) said: I served him in journey and at home, but, by Allah, he never asked me about a thing which I did as to why I did so, nor about a thing which I did not do as to why I had not done that. [Sahih Muslim]

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Khutbat-ul-Haajah

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

About the Book:
This book is a complete translation of “Khutbat-ul-Haajah” (The Sermon for Necessities, which the Messenger of Allaah would teach his Companions). The source used for the translation was the 2001 Maktabah al-Ma’aarif Edition.

This book is one of the famous works of Imaam Al-Albaanee written about 50 years before his death and having a profound impact on the Muslim ummah. This was such that through his effort, this once-forgotten and almost-abandoned Sunnah was able to be revived. Many people from the time of its publication to this very day have begun to implement this khutbah in their lectures, sermons, books, articles, and ceremonies. So may Allaah reward the author with the best of rewards.

We hope that this translation provides a glimpse into the wealth and ocean of knowledge of Imaam Al-Albaanee as well as give the readers a detailed understanding of the prescription of this blessed khutbah and some points of benefit related to it.

All footnotes are from the author unless otherwise noted. There is one large footnote at the end which was added by the original publishers, Maktabah al-Ma’aarif in their recent edition. Translation of the meanings of Allaah’s verses were taken from the Dar-us-Salam Noble Qur’an translation with slight adaptations and alterations.

Excerpts from the Book:
“On the day of my marriage to my second wife, which took place after some months had passed since the death of my first wife, Umm ‘Abdir-Rahmaan, may Allaah have mercy on her, one of the brothers offered to give the wedding sermon, stating that many times he had felt its benefit and effect whenever he would give it. So I said to him: ‘I have no objection. However, I would like to give my opinion on it, so show me the sermon.’ After reviewing it, I found that, generally, there were no problems with it, even though I did make some corrections to it, such as removing certain weak ahaadeeth and putting authentic ones in their place. However, the most important change I made, in my opinion, was the incorporation of Khutbat-ul-Haajah (Sermon for a Necessity) as its introduction, which is the sermon that the Messenger of Allaah would teach his Companions. This was after I researched its paths of narrations and wordings from the various books of the purified Sunnah.”

“The wisdom behind this differentiation is clear. And it is because the Prophet is not in a position in which it could be understood from his words that he intended something unbefitting to Allaah’s Lordship and Worship. This is contrary to others, since that may be understood from their speech (whereas it is not the case with his speech). This is why he ordered us to avoid doubtful matters and to be clear in one’s intentions, based on the fundamental principle found in his statement: ‘Leave that which makes you doubt for that which doesn’t make you doubt.’

“It has become clear to us by way of the collection of afore-mentioned ahaadeeth that all sermons should be commenced with this sermon, regardless of whether these sermons occur during marriage ceremonies, the Friday Prayer or any other occasion. So it is not specific to just the marriage ceremony as some people think. In fact, in some narrations of the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood, it clearly shows this, as was seen previously. What further supports this is the actions of the righteous predecessors (Salaf as-Saalih), for they would commence their books with this sermon as was the case with Abu Ja’far At-Tahaawee, may Allaah have mercy on him, who stated in the introduction of his book Mushkil-ul-Athaar: ‘And I begin with what he ordered us to begin our necessities with, in that which has been reported on him with chains of narration that I will mention afterward, if Allaah wills: Verily, all praise is due to Allaah…’

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By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!

By Shaykh Sa‘id Rageah حفظ الله

الله الرحمان الرحيم بسم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

In 6th of Hijrah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “O’ People, I am sending you to the kings of people other than Arab so do not differ amongst your selves like Bani Israel had when ‘Isa عليه سلام told them to convey the Message.” Six of the Sahabah رضي الله عنه were chosen and ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah as-Sahmi رضي الله عنه was one of them. And the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم sent him saying, “Take this letter to the Persian king.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه did not rest a day a day or night, went on the journey and he asked a permission to enter upon the Persian king. The people looked at him and said, “You from Jazeera want to see the king?” He رضي الله عنه said, “I have a letter for the king.” They replied, “Your kind is not allowed to walk to the king!” He رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give the letter to him.” After he was given permission to walk into the palace, with a dusted thawb, humble turban, dry skin and then the king pointed to one of his servants saying, “Pick the letter from him, I don’t want this man to come close to me.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give this letter to him hand by hand” and he was given the permission. When he got the letter, the king ordered an Arab to read the letter which said:

From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah to Kisra the king of Persia

Peace be upon those who follow the Guidance!

The king got hold of the letter and tore it apart and said, “He writes a letter in this manner and he is nothing but one of my servants. How dare he mention his name before my name?!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه left and returned back to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. When ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه arrived in Madinah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم asked him, “What did the Kisra do?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه answered, “O’ Messenger of Allah, he tore the letter apart!” The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “May Allah tear apart his (the king’s) kingdom”

Kisra then wrote a letter to his governor in Yemen and said, “Get this man (Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم) to me!” The governor sent two men to bring the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. These two men met a caravan from Makkah and asked, “Do you know Muhammad?” The man replied, “Who are you?” They said, “We are the messengers of the Governor of Yemen!” And this man returned to Makkah and gave the ‘glad tidings’ to his people, “Relax, the king of Persia, Kisra is going to deal with Muhammad!” Then two men came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and shouted, “Get ready to leave!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Who are you?” The men replied, “We are the messengers of the governor of Yemen who was ordered by the king of Persian to bring you alive!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Come back to me tomorrow.” The next morning, these two men came to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and asked, “Are you ready?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Allah has taken care of your king. He was killed last night by his own son.” They asked, “How do you know this?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “This is from Allah سبحانه و تعالى Go back to Yemen and tell your governor that your king is killed.” The two men went back to Yemen and informed their governor, “If this is true, then this man is a Messenger of Allah and if this is not true then Kisra will come and take care of this man!” A day later, a letter was received by the governor of Kisra from Sherwayh (the son of Kisra) who said, “I killed your father and I am your king!” The governor said, “Ashhadu An La Ilaha ILlah Wa Ashhadu Ana Muhammadur RasuluLlah!” So the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was in the Masjid and the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم were sitting around him and he صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Ask me anything that desire!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه asked, “O’ Messenger of Allah, who is my father?” (As a joke) Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Your father is Hudhafah!” Another man got up and asked, “Where am I?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “You are in fire!” ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه realised that Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم face was changed after that so then said, “We believe in Allah and you. We ask forgiveness from Allah. O’ Messenger of Allah, we will not ask you anything after this today!”

After the death of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, at the time of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه’s Khilafah, ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه was captured by the Romans who wanted to see and talk to a Muslim. So the king said, “Bring me a Muslim!” So they brought ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah رضي الله عنه. And the king, started looking at the condition of ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said, “This what we are afraid of?! I’ll test this man! Become a Christian and I will you leave alone. I will give you giving anything you want!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “By Allah, I will not change the Deen of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم for a blink of an eye!” So the king said, “Take him in!” And he was imprisoned. The king then said, “Give him wine and pig to drink and eat!” Everyday the people would bring different dishes of pork and different types of wines for him but ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه would refuse. Then the soldier said to the king, “If we don’t feed him, then he is going to die!” The king then said, “Feed him!” They fed him and asked him, “Why did you not eat and drink?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “I know that it is permissible to eat and drink in such situations but I refused so as you would not think there is a weakness in my religion” After a while, the king wanted to further test ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه so he ordered that the most beautiful woman of his kingdom to be brought. This woman beautified herself and it was said to her, “Go this man all by yourself, no one would be there and try to seduce this man!” She tried her utmost but she miserably failed and shouted, “What is this man? Is he a man or a stone?!” The king said, “Give me one more opportunity and let me talk to him once again” He came to ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said to him, “Become a Christian and I will give you half of my kingdom!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!” The king said, “Then I will kill you!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “It’s up to you.” The people were commanded by the king to kill him. They brought a big container that was filled with boiling oil and the king said, “You did not accept half of my kingdom, now I will kill you!” They brought two Muslims and threw them into the oil where they died instantly. King said, “I will do this to you if you reject Christianity!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “Do whatever you wish!” The King said, “Take him and kill him!” Tears started flowing from ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه eyes. Seeing this, one of the servants went back to the king with good news, “The man is weeping, and he has become weak.” King said, “Ask him again.” So they brought ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and asked him, “Now you accept my offer?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No!” King asked, “Then why are you crying?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “I am crying because I only have one soul and I wished that my souls were like my hair so all of them could leave for the sake of Allah but unfortunately I have only one soul.” The king said, “Just kiss my forehead and I will let you go!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “And you will release all the prisoners?” He said, “I will release all the prisoners!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه thought about the matter deeply if kissing a kafir was allowed or not. But since he saw that all Muslim prisoners would be free so he decided to do so. The king rewarded ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه with 30 male and 30 female servants and let all the Muslims go. ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه steered them to Madinah but he felt uncomfortable about his act of kissing the king’s forehead. So ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه went ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and said, “I have done a major sin! I have kissed the head of a Mushrik.” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه replied, “It is a right upon every Muslim (freed) to kiss ‘AbduLlah’s head and I will start with it!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said jokingly, “O’ Ameer-ul-Mu’minin, do you want me to become bald like you? I don’t want your kisses!” But the people didn’t care about ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه’s sense of humour and kissed his forehead for what he had done for them.

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Real Names of Some Companions رضي الله عنهم

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Abu Usaid رضي الله عنه (died 60 A.H.) : His real name was Malik bin Rabi’ah. He participated in the Battle of Badr with the Muslims. In his later years he lost his eyesight. He was the last of those who fought at the Battle of Badr to die. He died in Madinah.

Abu Umamah رضي الله عنه (died 1 A.H.) : Real name: As’ad bin Zurarah. He was a Companion from the Ansar and one of the earlier Companions who adopted Islam. Abu Umamah was the representative of his tribe in the First and Second Pledges of Al-`Aqabah. He was the first to pledge allegiance to the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم on the Night of Al-`Aqabah and was the first Muslim to enter Madinah.

Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 52 A.H./672 A.D.) : Real name: Khalid bin Zayd bin Kulayb. He was a Companion who belonged to the Khazraj, a tribe from the Ansar. Abu Ayyub hosted the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم in his home when he immigrated to Madinah. He attended the Pledge of Al-`Aqabah and participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, the Trench and all other battles commanded by the Prophet. Abu Ayyub died during the siege of Constantinople when Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه invaded the Byzantine territories.

Abu Darda’ رضي الله عنه (died 32 A.H./652 A.D.) : Real name: `Uwaymir bin Malik. He was a Companion from the Khazraj and one of the narrators of Prophetic hadiths. The Prophet linked him in a brotherly relation with Salman Al-Farisi رضي الله عنه. Abu Al-Darda’ participated in all battles following the Battle of Uhud. It is not certain whether he participated in the latter or not. He assumed the office of judge in Damascus and died during the caliphate of `Uthman bin `Affan رضي الله عنه.

Abu Burdah Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 41 A.H.) : The uncle of Al-Bara’ bin `Azib. His real name was Hani’ bin Niar bin `Amr. He was present at the Battle of Badr. Jabir bin Abdullah and Abdul-Rahman bin Jabir narrated hadiths from him on ‘Book on Fighting the Apostates. ‘ He died in the early years of Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه’s caliphate.

Abu Barzah رضي الله عنه (died 65 A.H.) : His real name was Nadlah bin `Ubaid bin Al-Harith. He lived in Madinah, but later left for Basra. He fought in `Ali’s army against the people of Nahrawan. He also fought with Al-Muhallab bin Abi Sufrah against the Azariqah. He reported 46 Prophetic Hadiths.

Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq رضي الله عنه (51 B.H.-13 A.H./573-634 A.D.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin `Uthman bin `Amir. The first Rightly-Guided Caliph (11-13 A.H./632-634 A.D.) He was the first man to believe in the new faith. Abu Bakr kept company with the Prophet before and after the Mission. He endured the persecution of the Quraysh and spared nothing to support the new religion. He was the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم‘s companion in his Hijrah from Mecca to Madinah. When he became caliph, he fought the Apostates and those who refused to pay the Zakah, and restored unity to the Muslim community.

Abu Bakrah رضي الله عنه(died 52 A.H.) : His real name was Nafi` bin Al-Harith bin Kildah Al-Thaqafi. He was a Companion from Al-Ta’if. He reported 132 Prophetic hadiths. He died in Basra.

Abu Juhayfah رضي الله عنه(74 A.H.) : A Companion of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. ‘Abu Juhayfah’ was his nickname; his real name was Wahb bin `Abdullah bin Muslim. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم died while Abu Juhayfah was still a teenager. He was appointed treasurer of the public treasury by `Ali bin Abi Talib. He was the last Companion to die in Kufa.

Abu Hudhaifah bin `Utbah رضي الله عنه(died 11 A.H.) : Full name: Abu Hudhaifah bin `Utbah bin Rabi’ah bin `Abd Shams bin `Abd Manaf. He was a Companion from the Quraysh and one of the earlier Muslims who participated in the Two Migrations (to Abyssinia and Madinah). Abu Hudhaifah participated in the Battle of Badr and was killed in the Battle of Al-Yamamah.

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri رضي الله عنه(died 74 A.H.) : Real name: Sa’d bin Malik bin Sinan. He was a Companion who belonged to the Khazraj, a tribe of the Ansar. He narrated many Prophetic hadiths and was one of the most knowledgeable Companions. Abu Sa’id participated in 12 battles, and assumed the position of Mufti in Madinah, where he died.

Abu Sufyan bin Harb رضي الله عنه(died 31 A.H./652 A.D.) : Real name: Sakhr bin Harb bin Umayyah. He was a wealthy leader of the Quraysh and one of the severest enemies of Islam at the battles of Uhud and the Trench. Abu Sufyan converted to Islam on the day of the Conquest of Mecca. He was father of Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan رضي الله عنه, the founder of the Umayyad state.
Abu Salamah Al-Makhzumi رضي الله عنه (died 4 A.H.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin `Abd Al-Asad. He was the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم‘s foster-brother and one of the first to adopt Islam. Abu Salamah migrated to Abyssinia and then to Madinah. He participated in the Battle of Badr and died in Madinah. The Prophet promised him that he would be the first to receive the record of his deeds with his right hand on the Day of Judgment.

Abu `Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah رضي الله عنه(died 18 A.H./639 A.D.) : Real name: `Aamir bin `Abdullah. He was a Companion from the Quraysh and one of the ten Muslims who were given the glad tidings that they would enter Paradise. Abu `Ubaydah killed his polytheist father in a battle. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم gave him the title “The Trustee of Muhammad’s Ummah. ” Abu `Ubaydah was one of the commanders who led Muslim armies to the conquest of Syria. He died during the plague of `Amwas.

Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 40 A.H.) : His real name was `Uqbah bin `Amr bin Tha`labah. He pledged allegiance to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم at Al-`Aqabah Pledge and took part in the Battle of Uhud. In addition, he was an active participant in subsequent Islamic events. `Ali bin Abi Talib رضي الله عنه appointed him his successor at Kufa when he headed for Siffin to fight Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه. Abu Mas’ud reported more than 100 Prophetic hadiths.

Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari رضي الله عنه (died 44 A.H.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin Qays. Abu Musa immigrated to Abyssinia, then moved to Madinah after the conquest of Khaybar. `Uthman bin `Affan appointed him governor of Kufa. Abu Musa was involved in the Arbitration between `Ali and Mu’awiyah, but then renounced both parties.

Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه (died 59 A.H./678 A.D.) : Real name: `Abdul-Rahman bin Sakhr Al-Azdi. He adopted Islam in 7 A.H. and participated with the Prophet in the Conquest of Khaybar in the same year. He stayed in the company of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم in pursuit of knowledge. Abu Hurairah was considered one of the greatest Muftis of his time. `Umar bin Al-Khattab رضي الله عنه appointed him governor of Bahrain, then removed him due to his lenient character and his tendency to dedicate himself to worship. He died in Madinah.

Abu Waqid Al-Laythi رضي الله عنه (died 68 A.H.) : His real name was `Auf bin Al-Harith Al-Laythi. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He was from Madinah, but died in Merv in Turkmenistan during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه.

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