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Archive for September, 2008

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله


It is reported in the history of al-‘Amiri that his father was scrupulous. He used to work in a garden belonging to his master where he remained for a long time. Then one day his master came and told him, “I want a pomegranate. ” So he went to one of the trees and brought him a pomegranate. He opened it and found that it was bitter. He asked him, “Do you not know the sweet from the bitter?” “No,” he answered. He said “How is that?” He said, “I have not eaten any of them, so that I would know it.” He asked, “Why have you not eaten?” He said, “Because you did not give me permission.” He investigated that and found that what he said was true and he became great in his eyes and brought him close to him. He had a daughter who had received a marriage proposal. He said to him, “Mubarak, what do you think about marrying this girl?” He told him, “Sir, people disagree about desires. The people of the Jahiliyyah married for lineage. The Jews marry for wealth and the Christians marry for beauty. This community marries for din.” When he heard him say that, his intelligence pleased him and he told her mother, “She will have no other husband.” So he married her to him. She brought him this pearl [i.e. `Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak] and the blessing of his father prospered over him.


[The Garden of the Hadith Scholars, Imam ‘Abd al-’Aziz ad-Dihlawi]

Lessons to be learnt from this incident:

1)Honesty should be maintained at all times even if there is a fear that one would be mistreated as in the case above. It was possible that the master of the servant would have beaten him but even then he spoke the truth. As a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “A man from Banu Israel borrowed a 1000 Dinars from a friend of his. So his friend told him, ‘Bring me witnesses.’ He said, ‘I have no witnesses but Allah.’ The other man said, ‘I accept Allah as witness.’ He said, ‘Bring me somebody who would take care of this loan if you are absent.’ The man replied, ’I have no one but Allah.’ He said, ‘I accept Allah’ and then he gave him the 1000 Dinar. So the man went and travelled by sea to a different land and he didn’t need money anymore and the time for payback arrived. He would go to the coast and he wouldn’t find any ships that are travelling to the same area because he wanted to send back the money. So he didn’t find any boats going in that direction. Then he said, ‘O’ Allah! That man asked me for witness and I told him that You are my Witness. And he asked me for somebody to promise to pay him back and I said I have no one but You. So O’ Allah! Pay him back.’ So this man had the 1000 Dinar, the money he had to pay back, he put in a log and he stuffed it and sent in the sea and said, ‘O’ Allah pay him back.’ The man that lend him, would go to the port everyday so see if there are any boats coming to get his money back and he didn’t find any. He found this piece of wood floating in the water and said, ‘I’m going to take this as firewood to my family.’ So he took it home and when he was breaking it into pieces, he found inside 1000 Dinar along with a sheet written on it, ‘This is your money that I promised you, take it back.’ Later on, the man who borrowed the money was able to come back and he went to visit his friend and he told him, ‘Believe me I didn’t find to back and this is the first boat and I’m sorry I couldn’t pay you back so here’s the 1000 Dinar.’ So the other man said, ‘Did you send me something?’ He said, ‘This is the first that came.’ Then his friend replied, ‘Well, Allah has paid your debt, take your 1000 Dinar back and Allah has already taken care of it.’”

Even though the man didn’t find any means i.e. ship to return to the same land where his debtor was to return the money, he tried his very best to come and see if there was any chance of a ship coming and he didn’t lose hope in Allah سبحانه و تعالى that he would surely find a way to return his money.

Mubarak رحمه الله had the full opportunity to taste the pomegranate at least once during the farming season but due to the fear of Allah سبحانه و تعالى he didn’t do so.
2) Not to hasten and show greediness and desire in getting married to someone. Mubarak رحمه الله had the right to agree with his master to allow him to get married to his daughter but he didn’t say, “Yes I want to marry your daughter!” Rather he, in his humility, gave him the Islamic solution to the ways of the kuffar exactly as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said once, “A woman may be married for four things: for her wealth, for her noble descent, for her beauty or for religion. Choose the one who is religious, may your hands be rubbed with dust!” Hadith recorded by Shaykhayn al-Bukhari and Muslim رحمهما الله

3)“…She will have no other husband….” This statement shows the level of Iman of the master himself who is obeying the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم saying when he صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “When someone with whose religion and character you are satisfied asks your daughter in marriage, accede to his request. If you do not do so, there will be temptation on Earth and extensive corruption.” This hadith is recorded by Imams at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasaa’i and Ibn Majah  رحمهم الله

And remind for verily, the reminding profits the believers.{Surat adh-Dhariyaat, ayah # 55}

And, indeed, Allah سبحانه و تعالى knows best.

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

‘AbduLlah bin al-‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما once said, “Whoever wants to know if Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves him or not then let him see if he loves to recite the Word of Allah then Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves him but if he neglects then he should know that he is far away from the Love of Allah سبحانه و تعالى.”

Lesson to be learnt from this athar:

Loving to recite the Book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى means you Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves you and the opposite is true. We should spend the most of our time reciting the Qur`an specially in the month of Ramadhaan and then keep up with the practise. We should not only recite the Qur`an but also put it into practise by learning its Tafseer, contemplating upon it and asking Allah سبحانه و تعالى to make us understand the ayaat. Like Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله who used to read and study different tafaseer and even if he couldn’t understand the meaning and the interpretation of ayaat then he would go out to the open desert and do sajdah in the dirt and make the du‘a, “O’ the Teacher of Ibrahim عليه سلام, O’ the Teacher of Musa عليه سلام teach me the Qur`an!”

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

It would be no exaggeration to say that the Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه was so much feared by the Muslims that once he heard a group of men talking about a certain lady. So ‘Umar رضي الله عنه wanted to know about this Muslimah and thus he summoned for her. This Muslimah was pregnant and when she saw ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and he saw her, she had a miscarriage!

Once ‘Umar رضي الله عنه was getting his hair cut suddenly he coughed and because of this the barber urinated on himself because of the fear. The other Sahabah رضي الله عنهم got to know about this incident and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, ‘Ali bin Abi Talib, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Az-Zubayr bin ‘Awwam رضي الله عنهم gathered to discuss this issue about the immense fear of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه in the hearts of the believers. They came up with the idea that they will choose from themselves a person who would go speak to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه about it and the boldest of them was ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf رضي الله عنه thus he was sent. He went to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and told him how much the believers feared him. ‘Umar رضي الله عنه responded, “O’ ‘Abdur Rahman, sometimes I feel that I am too strict so I soften whilst sometimes I feel that I am too lenient so I become strict I don’t know what will happen of me when I meet Allah سبحانه و تعالى!” Hearing this, ‘Abdur Rahman رضي الله عنه started weeping and he left saying, “Woe to you O’ Ummah of Muhammad, what will happen to you when you (‘Umar) will leave!”

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The Command to Collate Knowledge

By al-Imaam fil-Hadith Ibn ‘Abdul Barr [1] رحمه الله


بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله


It is narrated from Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه:
“On the day of the Conquest of Makkah the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم gave a Khutbah (sermon). After the Khutbah a man from
Yemen, Abu Shaamah, stood up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم write this Khutbah for me.’ The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم later commanded some of his companions to write the khutbah for Abu Shaamah.”

Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه would say:
“From the (Ashaab) companions of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم no one had more Ahadeeth than me except Abdullaah Ibn Amr, Abdullaah Ibn Amr would write them down and I would not.”

It is narrated from Abdullaah Ibn Amr رضي الله عنه:
“Whatever I would hear from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم I would write it down but Quraysh prohibited me. They would say do not do this because the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم also gets angry sometimes. So upon this I stopped writing. Then one day I mentioned this to the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم, he pointed to his mouth with his index finger and said: ‘Write because I swear by him in whose hand my soul is in, nothing comes out of this mouth except the Haqq (truth).’

Abu Hudhayfah رضي الله عنه (d.64H) mentioned:
“I questioned the Leader of the believers Ali Ibn Abi Talib: ‘Is there anything specific written with the house of the Messenger of Allaah from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم apart from the Qur’aan.’
He replied: “No! I swear by Allaah, the one who put power in the wheat grain and created it, we have nothing. And Allaah may grant a specific understanding to someone. Yes there is this paper.”
I asked: ‘what is in this paper?’
He replied: ‘The freedom of a prisoner and not to kill a Muslim for a disbeliever.'”

It is proven from the Hadeeth that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم had rulings relating to Sadaqah, obligations and the sunnah written and passed onto Amr Ibn Hazm. [2]

It is narrated from Abu Ja’afar Muhammad Ibn Ali:
“From the Messenger of Allaah’s صلى الله عليه و سلم sword carrier we found a piece of paper on which it said, ‘The one who shows the blind person the wrong path is cursed, the thief of the land is cursed and the one who does not think of the favours upon him is cursed.’

Abdullaah Ibn Amr رضي الله عنه (d.65H) would say:
“I like two things that life has only installed for me: the first is the Saadqah that I wrote from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم and the second is “Waht”, the land which my father Amr Ibn Aas gave in charity.”

It is narrated from Anas Ibn Maalik رضي الله عنه (d.92H) that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
“Write knowledge into books.”
A similar statement has been reported from Umar Ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه.

It is the statement of Ma’an that:
“Abdur Rahmaan showed him a writing and he swore, saying that it was written by the hands of his father Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه.”

It is the saying of Dhihaak:
“When you hear something then write it down, if you do not find anything [to write on], then even on a wall.”

Sa’id Ibn Jubair (d.95H) said:
“Whenever I was on journey with Ibn Abbaas رضي الله عنه I would write everything I would hear from him on a wooden plate and I would copy it on my return.”

It is the saying of Abu Qalaabah:
“Writing is better than forgetting.”

Abu Maleeh would say,
“There is objection on our books whereas Allaah سبخانه و تعالى says: ‘The knowledge about it is with my Lord.’

Abdul Azeez Ibn Muhammad Daarwardee said:
“Ibn Shihaab (Zuhree d.124H) was the first person to compile the Hadeeth.”

Abuz-Zeena said:
“We only used to write about the Ahkaam (rulings), Halaal (Lawful) and Haraam (unlawful) but Ibn Shihaab would write everything, later we found out he had the most knowledge.”

It is the statement of Mu’aawiyah Ibn Qurrah:
“The one who does not write, then do not consider him an Aalim (scholar).”

It is narrated concerning Hasan al-Basree (d.110H) that:
“He would not see anything wrong in writing the knowledge, but rather the people would write the lectures he would deliver on Tafseer.”

This saying of Hasan has been mentioned by Aa’maash:
“We had books that we would look at the same time.”

It is the statement of Khaleel Ibn Ahmad (d.170H):
“Whatever you write make it your Bait al-Maal (wealth) and that which you have gathered in your hearts then spend it.”

Hishaam said:
“My father Urwah’s books were burnt on the day of Hurrah.” Later he would say: “I wish those books remained with me rather than this wealth and money.”

Ishaaq Ibn Mansoor said:
“I asked Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal whether the writing of knowledge was disliked.” He replied: “Some have disliked it and some have said it is permissible.” I said: “If knowledge was not compiled then it would have been wasted.” He said: “Without doubt, if knowledge was not written then what would we be.”

It is narrated from Sa’eed Ibn Ibraaheem that:
“Umar Ibn Abdul Azeez gave us an order to compile the Sunnah, we compiled many books and he sent a copy of each to every country in his state.”

Imaam az-Zuhree (d.124H) would say:
“We disliked the writing of knowledge up until the Ruler left us no choice. Then this became our opinion that no Muslim shall be stopped from writing.”

And it is the saying of Khaleel Ibn Ahmad (d.170H) that:
“Whatever I heard, I wrote it and whatever I wrote, I learnt and whatever I learnt, I benefited from.”

Footnotes

[1] The Imaam of Hadeeth Abu Umar Yusuf Ibn Abdullaah Ibn Abdul Barr was from the city of Knowledge, Qurtubaa (Cordoba). He was born in 368H. He progressed the stages of knowledge and became the Imaam of his time. He also served time as a Qaadhi and died in the year 463H. He wrote many books, some of them were lost and some still remain. Apart from Tamheed the rest have not yet been printed. From his books, a high position is given to Jaami Bayaan al-Ilm Wa Fadlihee and al-Isteea’aab Fee Asma as-Sahabah.

[2]
When Amr Ibn Hazm رضي الله عنه was made Governor and sent to
Yemen, he was given written instructions and guidance. Not only did he protect the guidelines, he added 21 commands of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم and made it into the form of a book. [al-Wathaa’iq as-Siyaasah (p.105), Tabaree (p.104)]

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