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Archive for January 4th, 2009

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته


Ayah 4:

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ


And who believe in which has been sent down (to you) and in which were sent down before you and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter.”

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ:


There are two opinions regarding who this phrase is referred to:

  1. They are the believers from people of Scripture [opinion of ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas, ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and a group of companions رضي الله عنهم ] [25]
  2. They believe in what Allah (SWT) sent you (Muhammad (SAWS)) with and in previous Messengers and they do not distinguish between them, nor do they reject what they brought from their Lord. [opinion of Ibn Kathir رحمه الله] [26]

The stronger and most correct opinion if of the Sahabah
رضي الله عنهم


أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ is the Qur`an [27]

وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ:

There are two reasons why the hereafter is called the آخِرَةِ:

  1. Because it is preceded by this dunya
  2. Because of its deferment (ta’akhkhur) after creation just as this world is called the dunya because of its proximity (dunoow) to the creation. [28]

الْآخِرَةِ means:

  1. Resurrection
  2. Paradise
  3. Hell
  4. Reckoning
  5. Weighing of good and bad deeds [29]

يُوقِنُونَ means belief without any doubt [30]

Ayah 5:

أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ


“They are those on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.”


There are two opinions regarding who this ayah is referred to:

  1. They are the believers amongst the ‘Arabs. [opinion of ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas, ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and a group of Sahabah رضي الله عنهم]
  2. They are the people of Scripture

Then Ibn Jarir AlTabari رحمه الله presented his opinion as a conclusion,

“In our view, the best interpretation is that reported from ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas and that “They are those…”refers to both groups.” [31]

أُولَـٰئِكَ refers to those who believe in the Unseen, establish prayer, spend from what Allah (SWT) provided them, prepare for the necessary requirements for the hereafter by performing good deeds and avoid the prohibitions. [32]

عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ:


‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما said, “Who proceed according to a lightfrom their Lord and go straight forward according to what came to them.”[33]

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al’Uthaymeen رحمه الله writes in his Tafsir,

“Their treading upon it like they are hurrying up on a clear and unambiguous path, they don’t have any doubt. You would see them accepting righteous deeds like a lamp in front find them, for example, looking in the secrets of the Shari’ah of Allah سبحانه تعالى and its wisdom knowing from it which is hidden from most people. You would also find them experiencing AlQadhaa’ wa AlQadr as if they are witnessing the command in their favour even though they are being afflicted with something that is harming them or being of evil nature. They see that in their favour because Allah سبحانه وتعالى has indeed illuminated for them the path so they are guidance from their Lord. Guidance is like ride saving them from destruction or a ship salvaging them from drowning.”

مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ:


Their Creator, Planner of their affairs [34]

وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ:


‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما said, “It means those who attain what they seek and are delivered from the evil they flee.” [35]


And Allah
سبحانه وتعالى knows best.


References:


[25] Tafsir AlTabari

[26] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[27] Tafsir AlQurtubi

[28] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[29] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[30] Tafsir AlQurtubi

[31] Tafsir AlTabari

[32] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[33] Tafsir AlTabari

[34] Tafsir Ibn Al’Uthaymeen

[35] Tafsir AlTabari & Tafsir Ibn Kathir

May Allah سبحانه وتعالى forgive for my mistakes. Ameen

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