Posts Tagged ‘Ahlus-Sunnah Wal Jam’aah’

The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlus-Sunnah

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Abu Uthman as-Saaboonee (d.449H) رحمه الله said, “And one of the distinguishing signs of Ahlus-Sunnah is their love for the Imams of the Sunnah, its Scholars, its helpers, and its close allies, and their hatred for the leaders of innovation who call to the Hell-Fire and who direct their associates and companions to the home of torment destruction. Allaah, the Sublime, has adorned the hearts of Ahlus-Sunnah, and the light of their hearts with love for the Scholars of the Sunnah, as a bounty from Him, Whose Magnificence is perfect and Sublime.

Al-Hakim Abu ‘AbduLlah al-Haafidh, may Allaah make him and us reside in Paradise, informed Us: Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Fadl al-Muzakkee narrated to us: Ahmad ibn Salamah (said): Abu Rajaa Qutayhah ibn Sa’eed read his Kitab-ul-Iman to us, and at the end of it there occurred, “So when you see a man loving Sufyan ath-Thawri, Malik ibn Anas, al-Awza’i, Shu’bah, Ibn al-Mubarak, Abul-Ahwas Shareek, Waki’, Yahya ibn Sa’eed and ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Mahdi, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah.” Ahmad ibn Salamah رحمه الله said, “Then I added, underneath that in my script, ‘…and Yahya (ibn Yahya), Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ishaq (ibn Ibrahim) ibn Raahawaaih…’ When we stopped at this passage (of the book) the people of Nisabur looked at us and he (Qutayhah) said, “Those people hate Yahya ibn Yahya.” So we said, “What is Yahya ibn Yahya?” He said, “A righteous man, Imaam of the Muslims. And Ishaq ibn Ibrahim is an Imaam (of the Muslims) – and in my estimation Ahmad ibn Hanbal is greater than all of those whom I have mentioned.”

And I met those whom Qutayhah رحمه الله mentioned (about whom he said) that whoever loves them then he is a person of the Sunnah, from among the Scholars of Ahlul- Hadeeth, whose model they emulate, by whose guidance they seek to guide themselves and in whose group and rank they count themselves. And in following the narrations (and sayings of these scholars) they find (i.e., are led to) another group of (righteous scholars), amongst them: Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi’i, Sa’eed ibn Zubayr, az-Zuhri, ash-Sha’bi, at- Taimee and those after them such as al-Laith ibn Sa’d (al-Misree), al-Awza’i, Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah al-Hilaaiee, Hammaad ibn Salamah, Hammed ibn Zaid, Yunus ibn ‘Ubaid, Ayyub as-Sakhtiyaanee Ibn ‘Awn and those similar to them. Then after them, the likes of Yazid ibn Harun (al-Waasitee), ‘Abdur-Razzaq (ibn Hammam as-San’aanee), Jarir ibn ‘Abdul-Hameed (ad-Dabbee) and then those after them such as Muhammad ibn Yahya adh-Dhuhlee Muhammad ibn Isma’il al-Bukhari, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayree, Abu Dawud as-Sijistani, Abu Zur’ah ar-Razi, Abu Hatim (ar-Razi) and his son, and Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Waarah (ar-Razi), Muhammad ibn Aslam at-Toosee, (Abu Sa’eed) ‘Uthman ibn Sa’eed ad-Darimi (as-Sijzi) and (Imaam) Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Khuzaimah (an- Nisaburi) the one who used to be called ‘Imaam of the Scholars,’ and al-Muqirri was the Imaam of the Scholars during his era arid time, and Abu Ya’qub Ishaq ibn Isma’il al-Bustee, (al-Hasan ibn Sufyan al-Faswi) — and my grandfather by way of my father, Abu Sa’eed Yahya ibn Mansoor az-Zahid ah-Harawi and (Abu Hatim) ‘Adi ibn Hamdawaih as-Saaboonee and his two sons, the Swords of the Sunnah, ‘Abdullah as-Saaboonee and Abu Abdullah Rahman as-Saaboonee and others besides them from the Scholars of the Sunnah, who hold fast to it, aid it, call to it and are the most gentle with and compliant to it.

And these sentences (i.e., the aforementioned aqeedah) which have been affirmed in this book constituted the ‘aqeedah of all of them. They never differed with each other about (a single matter from) it. Rather, they (unanimously) agreed upon it and it has never been established about any one of them that he was pleased with whatever opposed it).

And along with that they (unanimously) agreed with their saying about the Ahlul-Bid’ah — that they should be subdued, humiliated and disgraced, banished and driven away. That (one must) keep away from them, from those who associate with them and from those who are intimate with them. And to seek nearness to Allaah by avoiding them and fleeing from them.”

And the Ustaadh and Imaam (i.e., Abu ‘Uthman) said, “And I, by the Grace of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, am a follower of their narrations, seeking illumination by their lights (and I) advise my brothers and my companions that they should not slip away from their sign-post and that they should not follow other than their sayings. That they should not occupy themselves with these newly invented matters from among the innovations, which have become widespread amongst the Muslims (and likewise the detestable things which) have appeared and become popular (amongst the people). And if a single one of these matters appeared upon the tongue of anyone in the times of those Scholars, that they would have forsaken him, would have declared him an innovator, called him a liar and would have attributed to him, every evil and loathsome thing.

Let not my brothers, may Allaah protect them, be deceived by the abundance of the Ahlul-Bid’ah (the People of Innovation) and their large numbers (for verily, the abundance of the people of falsehood and the small number of the people of truth is a sign of the approach of the Day of Truth), since the Chosen Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Indeed, amongst the signs of the Hour and its being close at hand, is that knowledge will diminish and ignorance will be widespread.”

(And knowledge is the Sunnah and ignorance is Bid’ah. And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Verily, Iman will retreat to Madinah as a snake retreats into its burrow.” And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The Hour will not be established… … the earth anyone who says, Allaah.”

And whoever holds fast to the Sunnah of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم (today), acts upon it, remains firm upon it and calls to it, his reward is more numerous and plentiful than the one who was upon this ‘aqeedah (i.e., the above-mentioned (aqeedah) at the beginnings of Islami and faith. Since the Chosen Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “He will receive the reward of fifty (i.e. the one clinging to that which the Companions were upon the later times). “ So it was said, ‘Fifty from amongst them? He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, “No, but rather front amongst you (i.e., the Companions).”

(Abu ‘Uthman said), “I found in the book of the Shaikh, the Imaam, my grandfather, Abu ‘AbduLlah Muhammad Ibn ‘Adi Hamdawaih as-Saaboonee, Abul- Abbas, al-Hasan ibn Sufyan an-Nasawi informed us that al- ’Abbas ibn Sabeeh narrated to them (saying): ‘Abdul-Jabbar ibn Tahir narrated to us (saying): Ma’mar ibn Rashid narrated to me (saying): I heard ibn Shihab az-Zuhri saying, ‘Teaching a sunnah is more superior than two hundred years of worship.”

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn Muhammad ibn Zakariyyah ash-Shaybani – informed us, saying Abdul-Abbas Muhammad ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman ad-Daghoolee informed us, saying: “I heard Muhammad ibn Hatim al-Madhfaree saying: I heard ‘Amr ibn Muhammad saying: Abu Mu’aawiyah ad-Dareer was speaking to Harun ar-Rasheed, and he narrated to him the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah, “Adam and Musa had a dispute…” so ‘Alee ibn Ja’far said, “How can this be when there exists the gap (of time) between Adam and Musa that (which) there is.” He (i.e., the narrator) said, “So Harun jumped on account of it and said, “He is narrating to you from the Messenger and you oppose him by saying, ‘How?’ And he did not cease saying this until he calmed down and became silent.”

And in such a way, is it necessary for a person to honour and revere the narrations of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. He should receive them with acceptance, submission and affirm their truthfulness. He should disown and criticise, in the most severe fashion, anyone who takes a path other than this path, which Harun ar-Rasheedرحمه الله took with the one who resists and opposes an authentic narration which he has heard, by saying, ‘How?’ seeking thereby to reject it and to distance himself from it, and does not receive it with acceptance, in the way that everything which has been reported from the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم should he accepted. May Allah, the Sublime, make us amongst those who listen to the Word and follow the best (thereof) and who hold fast, in this world, for the duration of their lives, to the Book and the Sunnah. And may He keep us away from the desires that lead astray, the opinions that waver, and the evils that cause humiliation, as a bounty and grace from Him.

From “Usool as Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal رحمه الله

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A Description of the Believer from Ahlus-Sunnah


بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

1. Whoever testifies that there is none that has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without any partners and that Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم is His servant and Messenger.

2. That he confirms everything that the Prophets and Messengers came with and that he believes in it resolutely, according to the apparent and manifest [meaning].

3. That he never [has] doubts in his faith, 97 and he never declares any of the people of tawheed to be a disbeliever on account of a sin.

4. That he consigns whatever is hidden from him from among the affairs to Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, and submits his affair to Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, and that he does not cut off Allaah’s protection [of him] by sins.

5. That he knows everything is by Allaah’s ordainment and predestination, the good and the bad, all of it.

6. He has hope for the doer of good from the Ummah of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم and he fears for the doers of evil amongst them.

7. That he does not place anyone from the Ummah of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم in Paradise or Hell-Fire on account of a good that he earned or a sin that he earned until and unless Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, He is the one who places His creation wherever He wills [i.e. Paradise or Hell-Fire].

8. That he knows the truth regarding the [position of the] Salaf whom Allah chose to accompany His Prophet, and that he puts at the forefront [of them]: Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. And that he knows the truth regarding [the position of] ‘Alee ibn Abi Talib, Talhah, az-Zubayr, ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas, Sa’eed ibn Zaid ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufail over all the other Companions. Since these nine are the ones who were with the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم on the Mount of Hira, when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Be tranquil O Hira, there is upon you but a Prophet, a truthful one and a martyr.” 98 And the Prophet was the tenth of them.

9. That he asks for Allaah’s Mercy for all of the Companions of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم, the young amongst them and the senior amongst them. That he talks about their virtues and their excellence and holds back from [talking about] that which occurred between them.

10. That [he holds] the two ‘Eid prayers, the Fear prayer, the Jumu’ah prayer and the five daily congregational prayers to be performed along with every leader, whether righteous or sinful.

11. That [he accepts] the [validity of] wiping over the khuffs (leather socks) during a journey and while present in ones residence.

12. That [he accepts] the [validity] of shortening the prayers during a journey.

13. That the Qur’an is the Speech of Allah and His Revelation and it is not created.

14. That faith consists of speech and action, it increases and decreases.

15. That Jihad is always operative ever since Allah sent Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم till the last [small] group [of Muslims] fight the Dajjal, the injustice and oppression of a tyrant will not harm them.

16. That selling and buying is lawful up until the Day of Judgement, in accordance with the judgement of the Book and the Sunnah.

17. That the takbir during the Funeral prayer is pronounced four times.

18. That supplication is to be made for the Leaders of the Muslims, that they are corrected and reformed. That you do not take out your sword against them, that you do not fight in times of tribulations, but rather you stick to your home.

19. Having faith in the Punishment of the Grave.

20. Having faith in Munkar and Nakeer.

21. Having faith in the Hawd and the Intercession.

22. Having faith that the People of Paradise will see their Lord, the Blessed and Exalted.

23. Having faith that the Muwahhidoon (those testifying to the unity and uniqueness of Allah in His Lordship, His right of worship and in His Names and Attributes, with their beliefs sayings and actions) will be brought out from the Fire after they have been turned to coal in the manner [described in] the ahadith that have come from the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم regarding these issues. We believe in attesting to the truthfulness of such ahadith and we do not set examples for them.

This is what the Scholars in all the horizons have agreed and united upon.

From “Usul as-Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal رحمه الله pages 46-51

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