Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Posts Tagged ‘last days of Prophet Muhammad (SAWS)’

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Amongst his final Khutb Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم announced, “Allah gave one of His servants a choice between this world and what He has with Him, and that servant chose what Allah has with Him.” Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه wept because he understood that this meant Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم was going to leave this world.

It was in the 11th year after Hijrah, on the 29th Safar that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم’s final illness had initiated. He صلى الله عليه و سلم participated in funeral rites in Al-Baqee‘. On the way back he صلى الله عليه و سلم had a headache, his temperature rose so high that the heat effect could be felt over his headband. He led the Muslims in prayer for eleven days though he was sick. The total number of his sick days was either thirteen or fourteen. It was reported that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم showed his willingness to stay in his beloved ‘A’ishah Al Siddiqah رضي الله عنها’s house in his final days. Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم also suffered from the poison that the Jewish lady had put in the meat in the Battle of Hunayn.

Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said words in his last days that deserve to be written in Gold and amongst them he advised:

1) Jews, Christians and polytheists should be expelled out of Arabia.

2) Not to take his صلى الله عليه و سلم’s grave as a Masjid

3) Adherence to Qur’an & Sunnah

4) “The prayer, the prayer and what your right hand possess (i.e. rights of slaves)”

Three days before Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم passed away, in the evening he grew so sick that he could not overcome the strain of disease or go out to enter the Mosque. ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها said,” Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم asked, “Have the people performed the prayer?” “No. They haven’t. They are waiting for you.” “Put some water in the washing pot.” Said Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم. We did what he ordered. So he صلى الله عليه و سلم washed and wanted to stand up, but he صلى الله عليه و سلم fainted. When he صلى الله عليه و سلم came round he asked again “Have the people prayed?” Then the same sequence of events took place again and again for the second and the third time from the time he صلى الله عليه و سلم washed to the time he fainted after his attempts to stand up. Therefore he sent to Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه to lead the prayer himself. Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه then led the prayer during those days. They were seventeen prayers in the lifetime of Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم. Three or four times ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها talked to Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلمto exempt Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه from leadership in prayer lest people should despair of him, but he refused and said, “You (women) are like the women who tried to entice Joseph (Yusuf) into immorality. Convey my request to Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.”

Two days before he صلى الله عليه و سلم passed away, Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم felt that he was well enough to perform the prayer; so he went out leaning on two men in order to perform the noon prayer. Abu Bakrرضي الله عنه, who was then about to lead the prayer withdrew when he saw him coming; but Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم made him a gesture to stay where he was and said: “Seat me next to him.” They seated him on the left hand side of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه. Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم then led the prayer, and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه followed him and raised his voice at every ‘Allâhu Akbar’ (i.e. Allâh is the Greatest) Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said, so that the people may hear clearly.

One day before he صلى الله عليه و سلم left this dunya, the Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم set his slaves free, paid as a charity the seven Dinars he owned and gave his weapons as a present to the Muslims. So when night fell ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها had to borrow some oil from her neighbour to light her oil-lantern. Even his armour was mortgaged as a security with a Jew for thirty Sa‘(a cubic measure) of barley. Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم’s final possessions included:

1) A donkey

2) A sword which he صلى الله عليه و سلم then gave to the Muslims

3) Land which he صلى الله عليه و سلم gave as Sadaqah.

The day Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم passed away; in a narration by Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنه, he said: “While the Muslims were performing the dawn prayer on Monday — led by Abu Bakr, they were surprised to see Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم raising the curtain of ‘A’ishah’s room. He looked at them while they were praying aligned properly and smiled cheerfully. Seeing him, Abu Bakr withdrew to join the lines and give way to him to lead the prayer. For he thought that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم wanted to go out and pray.” Anas رضي الله عنه said: “The Muslims, who were praying, were so delighted that they were almost too enraptured at their prayers. Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم made them a gesture to continue their prayer, went into the room and drew down the curtain.” Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم did not live for the next prayer time.

When it was daytime, Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم called Fatimah رضي الله عنها and told her something in a secret voice that made her cry. Then he whispered to her something else which made her laugh. ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها enquired from her after Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم’s death, as to this weeping and laughing to which Fatimah رضي الله عنها replied, “The first time he disclosed to me that he would not recover from his illness and I wept. Then he told me that I would be the first of his family to join him, so I laughed.” Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم gave Fatimah رضي الله عنها glad tidings that she would become the lady of all women of the world. Fatimah رضي الله عنها witnessed the great pain that afflicted her father. So she رضي الله عنها said, “What great pain my father is in!” To these words, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) remarked, “He will not suffer any more when today is over.” He asked that Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn رضي الله عنهما be brought to him. He kissed them and recommended that they be looked after. He asked to see his wives رضي الله عنهن. They were brought to him. He preached them and told them to remember Allâh سبحانه و تعالى. Pain grew so much severe that the trace of poison he had at Khaybar came to light. It was so sore that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said to ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها, “I still feel the painful effect of that food I tasted at Khaybar. I feel as if death is approaching.” He (SAWS) ordered the people to perform the prayers and be attentive to slaves. He repeated it several times.

When the pangs of death started, ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها leant him against her. She رضي الله عنها used to say: One of Allâh سبحانه و تعالى’s bounties upon me is that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم died in my house, while I am still alive. He died between my chest and neck while he was leaning against me. Allâh سبحانه و تعالى has mixed his saliva with mine at his death. For ‘Abdur Rahman — the son of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنهما — came in with a Siwak) in his hand, while I was leaning that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم against me. I noticed that he was looking at the Siwak, so I asked him — for I knew that he wanted it — “Would you like me to take it for you?” He صلى الله عليه و سلم nodded in agreement. I took it and gave it to him. As it was too hard for him, I asked him “Shall I soften it for you?” He صلى الله عليه و سلم nodded in agreement. So I softened it with my saliva and he passed it (on his teeth There was a water container (Rakwa) available at his hand with some water in. He put his hand in it and wiped his face with it and said,” There is no god but Allâh. Death is full of agonies.” As soon as he had finished his Siwak brushing, he raised his hand or his finger up, looked upwards to the ceiling and moved his lips. So ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها listened to him. She heard him say: “With those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace with the Prophets and the Truthful ones (As-Siddiqin), the martyrs and the good doers. O Allâh, forgive me and have mercy upon me and join me to the Companionship on high.” Then at intervals he uttered these words: “The most exalted Companionship on high. To Allâh we turn and to Him we turn back for help and last abode.” This event took place at high morning time on Monday, the twelfth of Rabi‘ Al-Awwal, in the eleventh year of Al-Hijrah. He was sixty-three years and four days old when he died.

The great (loss) news was soon known by everybody in Madinah. Dark grief spread on all areas and horizons of Madinah. Anas رضي الله عنه said, “I have never witnessed a day better or brighter than that day on which Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم came to us; and I have never witnessed a more awful or darker day than that one on which Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم died on.”

Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه had taken permission from Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم to go to suburbs of Al Madinah to a place called Al Sunh where his wife رضي الله عنها was and he was granted so. Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه didn’t even reach Al Sunh but he heard the news that Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم had passed away so he hurried back to Al Madinah. He talked to nobody but went on till he entered ‘A’ishah رضي الله عنها’s abode, and went directly to where Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم was. Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم was covered with a Yemeni mantle. He uncovered his face and tended down, kissed him and cried. Then he said, “I sacrifice my father and mother for your sake. Allâh, verily, will not cause you to die twice. You have just experienced the death that Allâh had ordained.”

The death of Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم resulted in the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم being grief stricken such as ‘Uthman رضي الله عنه who on hearing the news couldn’t move because of the shock. ‘Umar رضي الله عنه went around with a sword in his hand saying, “Whoever says Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلمhas passed away, will have his chopped off. He has gone to meet his Lord as Musa went for forty days.” Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه came out of Rasul Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم’s house and noticed the chaotic situations of the Muslimeen. He saw ‘Umar رضي الله عنه giving a speech and saying what was mentioned before. Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه said, “‘Umar sit down,” but he refused to do so thus he started giving his own speech and people left ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and went to listen to Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه’s speech in which he said,” · “And now, he who worships Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Muhammad is dead now. But he who worships Allâh, He is Ever Living and He never dies. Allâh says, ”Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allâh, and Allâh will give reward to those who are grateful.’” {Surat `Al ‘Imraan, ayah 144}

‘AbduLlah Ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهماsaid, “By Allâh, it sounded as if people had never heard such a Qur’ânic verse till Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه recited it as a reminder. So people started reciting it till there was no man who did not recite it.” Sa‘eed Ibn Al-Musayyab رحمه الله said that ‘Umar رضي الله عنه had said: “By Allâh, as soon as I heard Abu Bakr say it, I fell down to the ground. I felt as if my legs had been unable to carry me so I collapsed when I heard him say it. Only then did I realize that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) had really died.”And thus the Muslimeen were struck with the greatest calamity which this Ummah would ever be afflicted with.

[Most portion taken from Al Raheeq Al Makhtum]

Read Full Post »