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Enter you therein in peace and security; this is a Day of eternal life!

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

If people are asked the question, “What is your goal in this life?” Some will say that theirs is to get a good degree so they could get married. Others will say that they want to earn enough money so that they could live peacefully until death. However, the correct answer to this question is to gain the Pleasure of Allah سبحانه وتعالى and thus they could be rewarded with Jannat Al Firdous. In Surat AlQaaf Allah سبحانه وتعالى tells us how to have Him pleased with us on the Day of Judgement.

When Allah سبحانه وتعالى will bring the Muttaqeen near the Jannah it will be said to them,

هَـٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ

“This is what you were promised…”

Jannah is what Allah عز و جل promised to the Muttaqeen as recompense of what they would do in this dunya and indeed Allah سبحانه وتعالى never breaks His Promise [1]

Then when we go through the verse further, Allah سبحانه وتعالى elaborates on the characteristics of Muttaqeen and they are,

لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ حَفِيظٍ

“… (it is) for those oft-returning in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their covenant with Allah”

There is a difference of opinion amongst the interpreters of the Qur`an regarding the meaning of the word أَوَّاب [2]The Tarjumaan Al Qur`an, ‘AbduLlah ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما and his famous student ‘Ata bin Rabi‘ah رحمه الله described أَوَّاب as the one who does Tasbeeh as Allah سبحانه وتعالى says,

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ مِنَّا فَضْلًا ۖ يَا جِبَالُ أَوِّبِي مَعَهُ وَالطَّيْرَ ۖ وَأَلَنَّا لَهُ الْحَدِيدَ

“And indeed We bestowed grace on David from Us (saying): “O you mountains. Glorify (Allah) with him! And you birds (also)! And We made the iron soft for him.’” [3]

Whereas, ‘AbduLlah bin Mas‘ud رضي الله عنه and the great Mufassir Mujahid bin Jabr رحمه الله [also the student of ‘AbduLlah ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما] said, “He is who remembers his sins in private and Allah سبحانه وتعالى forgives him.”

Abu Bakr Al Warraaq رحمه الله said, “He is the one who has Tawakkul in Allah سبحانه وتعالى in times of difficulty and ease.”

And finally, Al Qaasim رحمه الله said, “He is the one who is involved with no one but Allah سبحانه وتعالى.” Meaning involved in the ‘Ibaadah and Dhikr of Allah سبحانه وتعالى. [4]

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه that RasuluLlah صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Whoever guards four units of Prayer (Raka‘aat) in the beginning portion of the day has been Awwabun Hafeedha.”

‘AbduLlah ibn Abbas رضي الله عنهما has said concerning حَفِيظٍ, “He is the one who saves himself from sins.” He has also been reported to have said, “He is the one who guards the commandments of Allah سبحانه وتعالى” (meaning the one who fulfils the commandments of Allah سبحانه وتعالى)

Mujahid bin Jabr رحمه الله said, “He is the protector of the rights of Allah سبحانه وتعالى (upon him) by recognising them and of the blessings by being thankful for them.” [5]

AlHaafidh Ibn Kathir رحمه الله writes in his Tafsir, “They are the ones who preserve their Covenant with Allah سبحانه وتعالى and neither break or it or betray it.” [6]

Then Allah سبحانه وتعالى continues,

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَـٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ

“Who feared the Most Beneficent in the Ghayb (unseen)…”

The word khashya is the fear associated with intimate knowledge of the Creator and it is as Allah سبحانه وتعالى says,

إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ

“…It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah….” [7] [8]

Allah سبحانه وتعالى coupling fear (Khashya) with scholars (‘ulamaa’) shows that the word Khashya is specifically for those people who have knowledge.

So he is the one who feared Allah سبحانه وتعالى in secret when only Allah the Exalted and Most Honoured could see him. [9] Like RasuluLlah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

“There are seven whom Allah سبحانه وتعالى will shade in His Shade on the Day when there is no shade except His Shade: a just ruler; a youth who grew up in the worship of Allah سبحانه وتعالى, the Mighty and Majestic; a man whose heart is attached to the mosques; two men who love each other for Allah سبحانه وتعالى’s sake, meeting for that and parting upon that; a man who is called by a woman of beauty and position [for illegal intercourse], but be says: ‘I fear Allah’, a man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity; and a man who remembered Allaah in private and so his eyes shed tears.’” [10]

The Muttaqeen are the ones who feared Allah سبحانه وتعالى in private and

وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

“…and brought a heart turned in repentance”

The word مُنِيب is derived from نُوب which means to go back or to revert.

On the Day of Judgement, he (the Muttaqi) will come with a heart that has repented from the sins and has returned from what Allah سبحانه وتعالى dislikes to what He is pleased with. [11] And that is truly reverting back to acts that are loved by Allah سبحانه وتعالى.

قَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ is also the heart that accepts the commands of Allah سبحانه وتعالى and this also used for the Muttaqeen [12]

It is also mentioned that it is likely that قَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ is also قَلْبٍ سَلِيم which means a heart that lacks and is empty of doubt and shirk (polytheism) thus is the heart of a Mu’min (believer). [13]

Then Allah سبحانه وتعالى says, “

ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ ۖ

“‘Enter you therein in peace and security…’”

Allah سبحانه وتعالى will then tell the Muttaqeen to enter Jannah with security and safety from His punishment (Jahannam {Hell}) and this is narrated from Qatadah رحمه الله [13]

ذَ‌ٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُلُودِ

“‘…this is a Day of eternal life!’”

This means that they will reside in Paradise forever and will never die, neither be transferred from it nor wish to be transferred from it. [14]

Just imagine that on the Day of Judgement Allah سبحانه وتعالى says that to you! Wouldn’t that be the best moment you’ve ever witnessed? The moment when a slave feels happy and pleased that his Creator and Owner is satisfied with him and all his deeds have not gone to waste. As Allah سبحانه وتعالى says in Surat AlInsan,

إِنَّ هَـٰذَا كَانَ لَكُمْ جَزَاءً وَكَانَ سَعْيُكُم مَّشْكُورًا

“(And it will be said to them): ‘Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavour has been accepted.’” (Ayah 22)

Allah سبحانه وتعالى will reward us greatly with Jannah for the small amount of good deeds we have done. [15]

This, indeed, should be our goal that we do the good deeds with which Allah سبحانه وتعالى becomes pleased and rewards us with Jannah.

And finally, Allah سبحانه وتعالى says,

لَهُم مَّا يَشَاءُونَ فِيهَا

“There they will have all that they desire…”

The people of Jannah will get everything they desire and everything that is pleasing to their eyes [16]

­ وَلَدَيْنَا مَزِيدٌ

“…and We have more

And this is extra is the viewing of the Face of Allah سبحانه وتعالى by the Mu’mineen (believers) [17]

Ibn AlQayyim ALJawziyyah رحمه الله said, “ the caller will call: ‘O People of Paradise! Your Lord – Blessed and Exalted – requests you to visit Him, so come to visit Him!’ So they will say: ‘We hear and obey!’

Until, when they finally reach the wide valley where they will all meet – and none of them will turn down the request of the caller – the Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will order His Chair to be brought there. Then, pulpits of light will emerge, as well as pulpits of pearls, gemstone, gold, and silver. The lowest of them in rank will sit on sheets of musk, and will not see what those who are on the chairs above them are given. When they are comfortable where they are sitting and are secure in their places, and the caller calls: ‘O People of Paradise! You have an appointment with Allaah in which He wishes to reward you!’ So they will say: ‘And what is that reward? Has He not already made our faces bright, made our scales heavy, entered us into Paradise, and pushed us away from the Fire?’

And when they are like that, all of a sudden a light shines that encompasses all of Paradise. So, they raise their heads, and, behold: the Compeller – Exalted is He, and Holy are His Names – has come to them from above them and majestified them and said: ‘O People of Paradise! Peace be upon you!’ So, this greeting will not be responded to with anything better than: ‘O Allaah! You are Peace, and from You is Peace! Blessed are You, O possessor of Majesty and Honour!’ So the Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will laugh to them and say: ‘O People of Paradise! Where are those who used to obey Me without having ever seen Me? This is the Day of Increase!’

So, they will all give the same response: ‘We are pleased, so be pleased with us!’ So, He will say: ‘O People of Paradise! If I were not pleased with you, I would not have made you inhabitants of My Paradise! So, ask of Me!’ So, they will all give the same response: ‘Show us your Face so that we may look at it!’ So, the Lord – Mighty and Majestic – will remove his covering and will majestify them and will cover them with His Light, which, if Allaah – the Exalted – had not Willed not to burn them, would have burned them.

And there will not remain a single person in this gathering except that his Lord – the Exalted – will speak to him and say: ‘Do you remember the day that you did this and that?’ and He will remind him of some of his bad deeds in the Worldly life, so he will say: ‘O Lord! Will you not forgive me?’ So, He will say: ‘Of course! You have not reached this position of yours (in Paradise) except by my forgiveness.’

So, how sweet is this speech to the ears, and how cooled are the righteous eyes by the glance at His Noble Face in the Afterlife…

“Some faces that Day will be shining and radiant, looking at their Lord…” [18] [19]

In conclusion, in order to achieve the pleasure of Allah سبحانه و تعالى we need to become from amongst the Muttaqeen and to become Muttaqeen we need to have the traits that are mentioned in ayaat above. And when we would have them, we would achieve our ultimate goal which is to please Allah سبحانه و تعالى. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى be pleased with us as He will be with Muttaqeen. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى forgive all my mistakes during the compilation of the various Tafasir and their translations and save people from being misguided after reading them. Allahumma Ameen.

References

[1]Tafseer Al Qurtubi

[2] Tafseer Al Tabari

[3] Qur`an AlKareem {34:10}

[4]Tafseer AlQurtubi

[5]Tafseer AlQurtubi

[6]Tafseer Ibn Kathir

[7] Qur`an AlKareem {35:28}

[8] Madaarij as-Salikeen

[9] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[10] Sahihayn (Sahih AlBukhari & Sahih Muslim)

[11] Tafseer Al Tabari

[12] Tafseer AlJalalayn

[13]Tafseer AlQurtubi

[14] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[15] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[16] Tafasir AlTabari, AlQurtubi and Ibn Kathir

[17] Tafasir AlTabari, AlQurtubi and Ibn Kathir

[18] Qur`an AlKareem {75:22-3}

[19] AlJaheem Wa AlNa‘eem

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

‘AbduLlah bin al-‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما once said, “Whoever wants to know if Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves him or not then let him see if he loves to recite the Word of Allah then Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves him but if he neglects then he should know that he is far away from the Love of Allah سبحانه و تعالى.”

Lesson to be learnt from this athar:

Loving to recite the Book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى means you Allah سبحانه و تعالى loves you and the opposite is true. We should spend the most of our time reciting the Qur`an specially in the month of Ramadhaan and then keep up with the practise. We should not only recite the Qur`an but also put it into practise by learning its Tafseer, contemplating upon it and asking Allah سبحانه و تعالى to make us understand the ayaat. Like Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله who used to read and study different tafaseer and even if he couldn’t understand the meaning and the interpretation of ayaat then he would go out to the open desert and do sajdah in the dirt and make the du‘a, “O’ the Teacher of Ibrahim عليه سلام, O’ the Teacher of Musa عليه سلام teach me the Qur`an!”

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Once ‘Umar رضي الله عنه was walking down the road in Madinah and a woman came to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and she stopped him and said, “O’ ‘Umar, I remember one day when you would be called ‘Umayr (when he was young and ‘Umayr means small ‘Umar) and you would be carrying a stick with you terrorising the kids then after that you were called ‘Umar and then the days passed and you are called Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen so fear Allah. And fear Allah with your people and remember the Day of Judgement.” She went on and on giving nasihah and ‘Umar رضي الله عنه just stood there listening to her without any interruption. There was a man with ‘Umar who said, “Stop speaking like that to Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen!” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه said, “You stop! If this woman would continue talking I would continue listening and I would only leave her to perform Salah and come back. Why shouldn’t I listen to a woman whom Allah listened to her complaints from above seven Heavens?” This was Khawlah رضي الله عنها who went to complain to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم about her husband for whom revealed ayaat in Surat al-Mujadilah.

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

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بسمالله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for the God-fearing  {Surah al Baqarah, ayah # 2}

Objection: How can dhalik (that) have the meaning of hadha (this)? There can be no question that hadha indicates something present which can be seem and that dhalik indicates something absent, not present and not visible.

Reply: This is possible because whatever has just been mentioned is referred to again is like something present to the person addressed, even though it may mean something which is not present. … It is thus with <<dhalika ‘l-kitab>>, because He, exalted is His remembrance, preceded <<dhalika ‘l-kitab>> with <<alif-lam-mim>> whose freedom in its various aspects to take on the kind of meanings we described has been mentioned – and then He said to His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: “O’ Muhammad, this, which I have mentioned and made clear to you, is the Book.” Therefore, it was proper to put dhalik in place of hadha, because it indicates a reference to the meanings included in His saying <<alif-lam-mim>>. Since reference to it has just been made, it becomes like something present to the one it was pointed out to, so He referred to it by dhalik because of its having just been mentioned… It is also possible that His words <<This is the Book>> mean the Surahs which He sent down before the Surah of the Cow in both Makkah and Madinah. It is as if He were saying to His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: “O’ Muhammad, whatever is contained in the Surahs which I have sent down to you is the Book in which there is no doubt.” Then the exegetes interpret it, giving dhalika the meaning, “This is the Book”, since these Surahs which were sent down before the Surah of Cow form the part of this whole Book of ours which Allah سبحانه و تعالى sent down to His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.

[Tafsir at Tabari]

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Upon an occasion the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was speaking to his Sahabah رضي الله عنهم about a time that will be full of Fitnah. And the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم became concerned, and said, “What will be the way out O’ Messenger of Allah?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “KitaabuLlah! And the book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى is hukm between you, it is a thing that differentiates between right and wrong. Whoever seeks guidance in other than the book of Allah سبحانه و تعالىbecause of arrogance then Allah سبحانه و تعالى will break his neck! And whoever seeks guidance in other than the book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى, Allah سبحانه و تعالى will lead him astray!”

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But whosoever turns away from My Reminder…

But whosoever turns away from My Reminder…

by Ibn Abi Ukhti

بسمالله الرحمان الرحيم

السلامعليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

You would always see the kuffar running around; in the offices, in schools, in train stations and etc… They are rushing all the time and don’t spare a second to talk to anyone unless they can derive any benefit from it. There is absolutely no sign of peace or calmness on their faces. Did you ever wonder why? Many Muslims say, “The kuffar value time very much. They don’t even want to waste a second of their time. Thus they are ahead us in everything and we must learn time management from them.” But Allah سبحانه و تعالى has said in Surah Taha,

“But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.” {Ayah# 124}

This means whoever opposes Allah سبحانه و تعالى’s command and what He has revealed to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم then he has turned away from it, neglected it and taken his guidance from other than it. [Tafsir al Qur’an al Adheem by Al Hafidh ibn Kathir رحمه الله]

Turning away from Allah سبحانه و تعالى’s command will result in difficult life, a constricted life style, a life that has no meaning at all which is filled with suffering. That’s why you see them always in a stated of worry. I have seen people in university eating whilst cycling, drinking whilst walking. Can we learn anything from the kuffar? Do they have anything which we benefit from? The answer is yes! They have many actions which we can learn from. We can learn to lower our gaze when a kafir guy stares at our sisters. We can learn to be just when the kuffar are being unjust to our brothers. We can learn to speak the truth when the kuffar lie. And the list goes on and on. People might say, “Well, there are many kuffar who are so happy of their lives.” Describing this, Imam ibn Kathir رحمه الله says, “Even if he appears to be in comfort outwardly and he wears whatever he likes, eats whatever he likes and lives wherever he wants, he will not be happy. For verily, his heart will not have pure certainty and guidance. He will be in agitation, bewilderment and doubt. He will always be in confusion and a state of uncertainty. This is from the hardship of life.”

The worst is yet to come, as Allah سبحانه و تعالى continues in the same ayah,

…And We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.”

‘Ikrimah رحمه الله says regarding this part of the ayah,” He will be made blind to everything except Hell.”

Then Allah سبحانه و تعالى says,

“He will say: ‘O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight (before).’ (Allah) will say: ‘Like this, Our Ayat came unto you, but you disregarded them, and so this Day, you will be neglected.’” {Ayaat# 125-6}

Because of his disobedience and neglecting Allah سبحانه و تعالى’s commands, he will be raised up blind and will be himself ignored and disregarded as he once did to Allah سبحانه و تعالى’s commands. As a result, his abode will be Jahannam. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى save us from that. Now, do you think it is sensible to follow the kuffar in anyway whatsoever?

So take heed O’ my brothers and sisters and do not turn away from any of Allah سبحانه و تعالى’s commands or at least try your best not to. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى have mercy on all of us. Ameen.

This is just a reminder to myself first and then everyone else. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى make us the people of Jannah and save us from Jahannam. Allahumma Ameen, Allahumma Ameen.

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