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Posts Tagged ‘Sahabah’

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

It would be no exaggeration to say that the Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه was so much feared by the Muslims that once he heard a group of men talking about a certain lady. So ‘Umar رضي الله عنه wanted to know about this Muslimah and thus he summoned for her. This Muslimah was pregnant and when she saw ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and he saw her, she had a miscarriage!

Once ‘Umar رضي الله عنه was getting his hair cut suddenly he coughed and because of this the barber urinated on himself because of the fear. The other Sahabah رضي الله عنهم got to know about this incident and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, ‘Ali bin Abi Talib, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Az-Zubayr bin ‘Awwam رضي الله عنهم gathered to discuss this issue about the immense fear of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه in the hearts of the believers. They came up with the idea that they will choose from themselves a person who would go speak to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه about it and the boldest of them was ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf رضي الله عنه thus he was sent. He went to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and told him how much the believers feared him. ‘Umar رضي الله عنه responded, “O’ ‘Abdur Rahman, sometimes I feel that I am too strict so I soften whilst sometimes I feel that I am too lenient so I become strict I don’t know what will happen of me when I meet Allah سبحانه و تعالى!” Hearing this, ‘Abdur Rahman رضي الله عنه started weeping and he left saying, “Woe to you O’ Ummah of Muhammad, what will happen to you when you (‘Umar) will leave!”

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Once the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلمhad cupping done and then asked ‘AbduLlah ibn Zubayr رضي الله عنه to dispose off the blood where no body could see it. AbduLlah رضي الله عنه went and then returned and then the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم asked, “Have you disposed off the blood?” He رضي الله عنه said, “Yes O’ Messenger of Allah!” He صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “What did you do with it?” He رضي الله عنه said, “I drank it so my Iman and knowledge increases and so that I have a portion of your body in my body. My body is more befitting than the earth that it take your blood.” And the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “’AbduLlah! Glad tidings unto for the fire of Jahannam can not touch that body that has blood flowing through it.”

The thing is AbduLlah رضي الله عنه ‘s drinking the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم‘s blood is something we would regard as gross but we can not understand his love of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله


Before battle of Badr, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was arranging ranks to launch an attack and was straightening the lines as if he was straightening the lines for the Salah. He was holding an arrow in his hand and he came up to one of the soldiers Sawaad ibn Ghuzaiyyah رضي الله عنه who was protruding a bit from the line. So Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم pushed him back with the arrow in his stomach. Sawaad رضي الله عنه said, “O’ Messenger of Allah, you hurt me! I want to retaliate.” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم exposed his stomach and said, “Go ahead and retaliate.” Sawaad رضي الله عنه hugged Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and kissed his stomach. Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم responded, “Why did you do that?” Sawaad رضي الله عنه answered, “O’ Messenger of Allah, you can see what is about to happen. I wanted my last contact with you to be my skin touching yours.” Then Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم made du‘a for Sawaad رضي الله عنه, “May Allah bless you.”

Lessons to be learnt:

1) Humility of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: He صلى الله عليه و سلم did not tell other soldiers to take him away and got tortured for what he said like leaders of our times would

2) Justice of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم when he allowed the companion رضي الله عنه to retaliate

3) Love of Sawaad رضي الله عنه for Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم

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By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!

By Shaykh Sa‘id Rageah حفظ الله

الله الرحمان الرحيم بسم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

In 6th of Hijrah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “O’ People, I am sending you to the kings of people other than Arab so do not differ amongst your selves like Bani Israel had when ‘Isa عليه سلام told them to convey the Message.” Six of the Sahabah رضي الله عنه were chosen and ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah as-Sahmi رضي الله عنه was one of them. And the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم sent him saying, “Take this letter to the Persian king.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه did not rest a day a day or night, went on the journey and he asked a permission to enter upon the Persian king. The people looked at him and said, “You from Jazeera want to see the king?” He رضي الله عنه said, “I have a letter for the king.” They replied, “Your kind is not allowed to walk to the king!” He رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give the letter to him.” After he was given permission to walk into the palace, with a dusted thawb, humble turban, dry skin and then the king pointed to one of his servants saying, “Pick the letter from him, I don’t want this man to come close to me.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give this letter to him hand by hand” and he was given the permission. When he got the letter, the king ordered an Arab to read the letter which said:

From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah to Kisra the king of Persia

Peace be upon those who follow the Guidance!

The king got hold of the letter and tore it apart and said, “He writes a letter in this manner and he is nothing but one of my servants. How dare he mention his name before my name?!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه left and returned back to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. When ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه arrived in Madinah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم asked him, “What did the Kisra do?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه answered, “O’ Messenger of Allah, he tore the letter apart!” The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “May Allah tear apart his (the king’s) kingdom”

Kisra then wrote a letter to his governor in Yemen and said, “Get this man (Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم) to me!” The governor sent two men to bring the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. These two men met a caravan from Makkah and asked, “Do you know Muhammad?” The man replied, “Who are you?” They said, “We are the messengers of the Governor of Yemen!” And this man returned to Makkah and gave the ‘glad tidings’ to his people, “Relax, the king of Persia, Kisra is going to deal with Muhammad!” Then two men came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and shouted, “Get ready to leave!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Who are you?” The men replied, “We are the messengers of the governor of Yemen who was ordered by the king of Persian to bring you alive!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Come back to me tomorrow.” The next morning, these two men came to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and asked, “Are you ready?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Allah has taken care of your king. He was killed last night by his own son.” They asked, “How do you know this?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “This is from Allah سبحانه و تعالى Go back to Yemen and tell your governor that your king is killed.” The two men went back to Yemen and informed their governor, “If this is true, then this man is a Messenger of Allah and if this is not true then Kisra will come and take care of this man!” A day later, a letter was received by the governor of Kisra from Sherwayh (the son of Kisra) who said, “I killed your father and I am your king!” The governor said, “Ashhadu An La Ilaha ILlah Wa Ashhadu Ana Muhammadur RasuluLlah!” So the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was in the Masjid and the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم were sitting around him and he صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Ask me anything that desire!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه asked, “O’ Messenger of Allah, who is my father?” (As a joke) Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Your father is Hudhafah!” Another man got up and asked, “Where am I?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “You are in fire!” ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه realised that Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم face was changed after that so then said, “We believe in Allah and you. We ask forgiveness from Allah. O’ Messenger of Allah, we will not ask you anything after this today!”

After the death of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, at the time of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه’s Khilafah, ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه was captured by the Romans who wanted to see and talk to a Muslim. So the king said, “Bring me a Muslim!” So they brought ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah رضي الله عنه. And the king, started looking at the condition of ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said, “This what we are afraid of?! I’ll test this man! Become a Christian and I will you leave alone. I will give you giving anything you want!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “By Allah, I will not change the Deen of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم for a blink of an eye!” So the king said, “Take him in!” And he was imprisoned. The king then said, “Give him wine and pig to drink and eat!” Everyday the people would bring different dishes of pork and different types of wines for him but ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه would refuse. Then the soldier said to the king, “If we don’t feed him, then he is going to die!” The king then said, “Feed him!” They fed him and asked him, “Why did you not eat and drink?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “I know that it is permissible to eat and drink in such situations but I refused so as you would not think there is a weakness in my religion” After a while, the king wanted to further test ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه so he ordered that the most beautiful woman of his kingdom to be brought. This woman beautified herself and it was said to her, “Go this man all by yourself, no one would be there and try to seduce this man!” She tried her utmost but she miserably failed and shouted, “What is this man? Is he a man or a stone?!” The king said, “Give me one more opportunity and let me talk to him once again” He came to ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said to him, “Become a Christian and I will give you half of my kingdom!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!” The king said, “Then I will kill you!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “It’s up to you.” The people were commanded by the king to kill him. They brought a big container that was filled with boiling oil and the king said, “You did not accept half of my kingdom, now I will kill you!” They brought two Muslims and threw them into the oil where they died instantly. King said, “I will do this to you if you reject Christianity!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “Do whatever you wish!” The King said, “Take him and kill him!” Tears started flowing from ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه eyes. Seeing this, one of the servants went back to the king with good news, “The man is weeping, and he has become weak.” King said, “Ask him again.” So they brought ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and asked him, “Now you accept my offer?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No!” King asked, “Then why are you crying?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “I am crying because I only have one soul and I wished that my souls were like my hair so all of them could leave for the sake of Allah but unfortunately I have only one soul.” The king said, “Just kiss my forehead and I will let you go!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “And you will release all the prisoners?” He said, “I will release all the prisoners!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه thought about the matter deeply if kissing a kafir was allowed or not. But since he saw that all Muslim prisoners would be free so he decided to do so. The king rewarded ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه with 30 male and 30 female servants and let all the Muslims go. ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه steered them to Madinah but he felt uncomfortable about his act of kissing the king’s forehead. So ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه went ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and said, “I have done a major sin! I have kissed the head of a Mushrik.” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه replied, “It is a right upon every Muslim (freed) to kiss ‘AbduLlah’s head and I will start with it!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said jokingly, “O’ Ameer-ul-Mu’minin, do you want me to become bald like you? I don’t want your kisses!” But the people didn’t care about ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه’s sense of humour and kissed his forehead for what he had done for them.

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Real Names of Some Companions رضي الله عنهم

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Abu Usaid رضي الله عنه (died 60 A.H.) : His real name was Malik bin Rabi’ah. He participated in the Battle of Badr with the Muslims. In his later years he lost his eyesight. He was the last of those who fought at the Battle of Badr to die. He died in Madinah.

Abu Umamah رضي الله عنه (died 1 A.H.) : Real name: As’ad bin Zurarah. He was a Companion from the Ansar and one of the earlier Companions who adopted Islam. Abu Umamah was the representative of his tribe in the First and Second Pledges of Al-`Aqabah. He was the first to pledge allegiance to the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم on the Night of Al-`Aqabah and was the first Muslim to enter Madinah.

Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 52 A.H./672 A.D.) : Real name: Khalid bin Zayd bin Kulayb. He was a Companion who belonged to the Khazraj, a tribe from the Ansar. Abu Ayyub hosted the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم in his home when he immigrated to Madinah. He attended the Pledge of Al-`Aqabah and participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, the Trench and all other battles commanded by the Prophet. Abu Ayyub died during the siege of Constantinople when Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه invaded the Byzantine territories.

Abu Darda’ رضي الله عنه (died 32 A.H./652 A.D.) : Real name: `Uwaymir bin Malik. He was a Companion from the Khazraj and one of the narrators of Prophetic hadiths. The Prophet linked him in a brotherly relation with Salman Al-Farisi رضي الله عنه. Abu Al-Darda’ participated in all battles following the Battle of Uhud. It is not certain whether he participated in the latter or not. He assumed the office of judge in Damascus and died during the caliphate of `Uthman bin `Affan رضي الله عنه.

Abu Burdah Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 41 A.H.) : The uncle of Al-Bara’ bin `Azib. His real name was Hani’ bin Niar bin `Amr. He was present at the Battle of Badr. Jabir bin Abdullah and Abdul-Rahman bin Jabir narrated hadiths from him on ‘Book on Fighting the Apostates. ‘ He died in the early years of Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه’s caliphate.

Abu Barzah رضي الله عنه (died 65 A.H.) : His real name was Nadlah bin `Ubaid bin Al-Harith. He lived in Madinah, but later left for Basra. He fought in `Ali’s army against the people of Nahrawan. He also fought with Al-Muhallab bin Abi Sufrah against the Azariqah. He reported 46 Prophetic Hadiths.

Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq رضي الله عنه (51 B.H.-13 A.H./573-634 A.D.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin `Uthman bin `Amir. The first Rightly-Guided Caliph (11-13 A.H./632-634 A.D.) He was the first man to believe in the new faith. Abu Bakr kept company with the Prophet before and after the Mission. He endured the persecution of the Quraysh and spared nothing to support the new religion. He was the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم‘s companion in his Hijrah from Mecca to Madinah. When he became caliph, he fought the Apostates and those who refused to pay the Zakah, and restored unity to the Muslim community.

Abu Bakrah رضي الله عنه(died 52 A.H.) : His real name was Nafi` bin Al-Harith bin Kildah Al-Thaqafi. He was a Companion from Al-Ta’if. He reported 132 Prophetic hadiths. He died in Basra.

Abu Juhayfah رضي الله عنه(74 A.H.) : A Companion of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. ‘Abu Juhayfah’ was his nickname; his real name was Wahb bin `Abdullah bin Muslim. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم died while Abu Juhayfah was still a teenager. He was appointed treasurer of the public treasury by `Ali bin Abi Talib. He was the last Companion to die in Kufa.

Abu Hudhaifah bin `Utbah رضي الله عنه(died 11 A.H.) : Full name: Abu Hudhaifah bin `Utbah bin Rabi’ah bin `Abd Shams bin `Abd Manaf. He was a Companion from the Quraysh and one of the earlier Muslims who participated in the Two Migrations (to Abyssinia and Madinah). Abu Hudhaifah participated in the Battle of Badr and was killed in the Battle of Al-Yamamah.

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri رضي الله عنه(died 74 A.H.) : Real name: Sa’d bin Malik bin Sinan. He was a Companion who belonged to the Khazraj, a tribe of the Ansar. He narrated many Prophetic hadiths and was one of the most knowledgeable Companions. Abu Sa’id participated in 12 battles, and assumed the position of Mufti in Madinah, where he died.

Abu Sufyan bin Harb رضي الله عنه(died 31 A.H./652 A.D.) : Real name: Sakhr bin Harb bin Umayyah. He was a wealthy leader of the Quraysh and one of the severest enemies of Islam at the battles of Uhud and the Trench. Abu Sufyan converted to Islam on the day of the Conquest of Mecca. He was father of Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan رضي الله عنه, the founder of the Umayyad state.
Abu Salamah Al-Makhzumi رضي الله عنه (died 4 A.H.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin `Abd Al-Asad. He was the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم‘s foster-brother and one of the first to adopt Islam. Abu Salamah migrated to Abyssinia and then to Madinah. He participated in the Battle of Badr and died in Madinah. The Prophet promised him that he would be the first to receive the record of his deeds with his right hand on the Day of Judgment.

Abu `Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah رضي الله عنه(died 18 A.H./639 A.D.) : Real name: `Aamir bin `Abdullah. He was a Companion from the Quraysh and one of the ten Muslims who were given the glad tidings that they would enter Paradise. Abu `Ubaydah killed his polytheist father in a battle. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم gave him the title “The Trustee of Muhammad’s Ummah. ” Abu `Ubaydah was one of the commanders who led Muslim armies to the conquest of Syria. He died during the plague of `Amwas.

Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari رضي الله عنه (died 40 A.H.) : His real name was `Uqbah bin `Amr bin Tha`labah. He pledged allegiance to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم at Al-`Aqabah Pledge and took part in the Battle of Uhud. In addition, he was an active participant in subsequent Islamic events. `Ali bin Abi Talib رضي الله عنه appointed him his successor at Kufa when he headed for Siffin to fight Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه. Abu Mas’ud reported more than 100 Prophetic hadiths.

Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari رضي الله عنه (died 44 A.H.) : Real name: `Abdullah bin Qays. Abu Musa immigrated to Abyssinia, then moved to Madinah after the conquest of Khaybar. `Uthman bin `Affan appointed him governor of Kufa. Abu Musa was involved in the Arbitration between `Ali and Mu’awiyah, but then renounced both parties.

Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه (died 59 A.H./678 A.D.) : Real name: `Abdul-Rahman bin Sakhr Al-Azdi. He adopted Islam in 7 A.H. and participated with the Prophet in the Conquest of Khaybar in the same year. He stayed in the company of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم in pursuit of knowledge. Abu Hurairah was considered one of the greatest Muftis of his time. `Umar bin Al-Khattab رضي الله عنه appointed him governor of Bahrain, then removed him due to his lenient character and his tendency to dedicate himself to worship. He died in Madinah.

Abu Waqid Al-Laythi رضي الله عنه (died 68 A.H.) : His real name was `Auf bin Al-Harith Al-Laythi. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He was from Madinah, but died in Merv in Turkmenistan during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah رضي الله عنه.

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