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Posts Tagged ‘‘Umar bin al-Khattab (RA)’

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله


What is Taqwa?

Probably the best answer after ayaat of the Qur`an and the Sunnah of RasuluLlah صلى الله عليه و سلم is:

When what ‘Umar رضي الله عنه got when he asked Ubayy bin Ka‘b رضي الله عنه, “What is Taqwa?” Ubayy رضي الله عنه replied, “What would you do if you had to walk through a path of thorns?” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه answered, “I would roll up my sleeves and protect myself from them.” Ubayy رضي الله عنه said, “That is Taqwa.”

Explanation:

1) ‘Umar رضي الله عنه’s concern on knowing what Taqwa is unlike us Muslims nowadays who are not much concerned with our Iman.

2) His going to the Scholar of Qur`an again something which we do not practise. When our car is not functioning properly we go to the professional mechanic to get it fixed but when it comes to our Deen, we go to any layman and ask him to answer our Islamic queries.

3) The beautiful analogy used by Ubayy رضي الله عنه and this is also the Sunnah of RasuluLlah صلى الله عليه و سلم in his teaching.

4) The thorns can be interpreted as being the sins and all what Allah سبحانه و تعالى has made forbidden and clothes one’s Iman and this is Taqwa. Why do we protect our Iman? Because we have fear of Allah سبحانه و تعالى that He will punish us for our misdeeds

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

It would be no exaggeration to say that the Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه was so much feared by the Muslims that once he heard a group of men talking about a certain lady. So ‘Umar رضي الله عنه wanted to know about this Muslimah and thus he summoned for her. This Muslimah was pregnant and when she saw ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and he saw her, she had a miscarriage!

Once ‘Umar رضي الله عنه was getting his hair cut suddenly he coughed and because of this the barber urinated on himself because of the fear. The other Sahabah رضي الله عنهم got to know about this incident and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, ‘Ali bin Abi Talib, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Az-Zubayr bin ‘Awwam رضي الله عنهم gathered to discuss this issue about the immense fear of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه in the hearts of the believers. They came up with the idea that they will choose from themselves a person who would go speak to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه about it and the boldest of them was ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf رضي الله عنه thus he was sent. He went to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and told him how much the believers feared him. ‘Umar رضي الله عنه responded, “O’ ‘Abdur Rahman, sometimes I feel that I am too strict so I soften whilst sometimes I feel that I am too lenient so I become strict I don’t know what will happen of me when I meet Allah سبحانه و تعالى!” Hearing this, ‘Abdur Rahman رضي الله عنه started weeping and he left saying, “Woe to you O’ Ummah of Muhammad, what will happen to you when you (‘Umar) will leave!”

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Once ‘Umar رضي الله عنه was walking down the road in Madinah and a woman came to ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and she stopped him and said, “O’ ‘Umar, I remember one day when you would be called ‘Umayr (when he was young and ‘Umayr means small ‘Umar) and you would be carrying a stick with you terrorising the kids then after that you were called ‘Umar and then the days passed and you are called Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen so fear Allah. And fear Allah with your people and remember the Day of Judgement.” She went on and on giving nasihah and ‘Umar رضي الله عنه just stood there listening to her without any interruption. There was a man with ‘Umar who said, “Stop speaking like that to Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen!” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه said, “You stop! If this woman would continue talking I would continue listening and I would only leave her to perform Salah and come back. Why shouldn’t I listen to a woman whom Allah listened to her complaints from above seven Heavens?” This was Khawlah رضي الله عنها who went to complain to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم about her husband for whom revealed ayaat in Surat al-Mujadilah.

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By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!

By Shaykh Sa‘id Rageah حفظ الله

الله الرحمان الرحيم بسم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

In 6th of Hijrah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “O’ People, I am sending you to the kings of people other than Arab so do not differ amongst your selves like Bani Israel had when ‘Isa عليه سلام told them to convey the Message.” Six of the Sahabah رضي الله عنه were chosen and ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah as-Sahmi رضي الله عنه was one of them. And the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم sent him saying, “Take this letter to the Persian king.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه did not rest a day a day or night, went on the journey and he asked a permission to enter upon the Persian king. The people looked at him and said, “You from Jazeera want to see the king?” He رضي الله عنه said, “I have a letter for the king.” They replied, “Your kind is not allowed to walk to the king!” He رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give the letter to him.” After he was given permission to walk into the palace, with a dusted thawb, humble turban, dry skin and then the king pointed to one of his servants saying, “Pick the letter from him, I don’t want this man to come close to me.” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded me to give this letter to him hand by hand” and he was given the permission. When he got the letter, the king ordered an Arab to read the letter which said:

From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah to Kisra the king of Persia

Peace be upon those who follow the Guidance!

The king got hold of the letter and tore it apart and said, “He writes a letter in this manner and he is nothing but one of my servants. How dare he mention his name before my name?!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه left and returned back to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. When ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه arrived in Madinah, Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم asked him, “What did the Kisra do?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه answered, “O’ Messenger of Allah, he tore the letter apart!” The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “May Allah tear apart his (the king’s) kingdom”

Kisra then wrote a letter to his governor in Yemen and said, “Get this man (Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم) to me!” The governor sent two men to bring the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. These two men met a caravan from Makkah and asked, “Do you know Muhammad?” The man replied, “Who are you?” They said, “We are the messengers of the Governor of Yemen!” And this man returned to Makkah and gave the ‘glad tidings’ to his people, “Relax, the king of Persia, Kisra is going to deal with Muhammad!” Then two men came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and shouted, “Get ready to leave!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Who are you?” The men replied, “We are the messengers of the governor of Yemen who was ordered by the king of Persian to bring you alive!” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Come back to me tomorrow.” The next morning, these two men came to Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and asked, “Are you ready?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Allah has taken care of your king. He was killed last night by his own son.” They asked, “How do you know this?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “This is from Allah سبحانه و تعالى Go back to Yemen and tell your governor that your king is killed.” The two men went back to Yemen and informed their governor, “If this is true, then this man is a Messenger of Allah and if this is not true then Kisra will come and take care of this man!” A day later, a letter was received by the governor of Kisra from Sherwayh (the son of Kisra) who said, “I killed your father and I am your king!” The governor said, “Ashhadu An La Ilaha ILlah Wa Ashhadu Ana Muhammadur RasuluLlah!” So the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was in the Masjid and the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم were sitting around him and he صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “Ask me anything that desire!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه asked, “O’ Messenger of Allah, who is my father?” (As a joke) Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “Your father is Hudhafah!” Another man got up and asked, “Where am I?” Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “You are in fire!” ‘Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه realised that Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم face was changed after that so then said, “We believe in Allah and you. We ask forgiveness from Allah. O’ Messenger of Allah, we will not ask you anything after this today!”

After the death of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, at the time of ‘Umar رضي الله عنه’s Khilafah, ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه was captured by the Romans who wanted to see and talk to a Muslim. So the king said, “Bring me a Muslim!” So they brought ‘AbduLlah bin Hudhafah رضي الله عنه. And the king, started looking at the condition of ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said, “This what we are afraid of?! I’ll test this man! Become a Christian and I will you leave alone. I will give you giving anything you want!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “By Allah, I will not change the Deen of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم for a blink of an eye!” So the king said, “Take him in!” And he was imprisoned. The king then said, “Give him wine and pig to drink and eat!” Everyday the people would bring different dishes of pork and different types of wines for him but ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه would refuse. Then the soldier said to the king, “If we don’t feed him, then he is going to die!” The king then said, “Feed him!” They fed him and asked him, “Why did you not eat and drink?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “I know that it is permissible to eat and drink in such situations but I refused so as you would not think there is a weakness in my religion” After a while, the king wanted to further test ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه so he ordered that the most beautiful woman of his kingdom to be brought. This woman beautified herself and it was said to her, “Go this man all by yourself, no one would be there and try to seduce this man!” She tried her utmost but she miserably failed and shouted, “What is this man? Is he a man or a stone?!” The king said, “Give me one more opportunity and let me talk to him once again” He came to ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and said to him, “Become a Christian and I will give you half of my kingdom!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه replied, “By Allah, not even for a blink of an eye!” The king said, “Then I will kill you!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “It’s up to you.” The people were commanded by the king to kill him. They brought a big container that was filled with boiling oil and the king said, “You did not accept half of my kingdom, now I will kill you!” They brought two Muslims and threw them into the oil where they died instantly. King said, “I will do this to you if you reject Christianity!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “Do whatever you wish!” The King said, “Take him and kill him!” Tears started flowing from ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه eyes. Seeing this, one of the servants went back to the king with good news, “The man is weeping, and he has become weak.” King said, “Ask him again.” So they brought ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه and asked him, “Now you accept my offer?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “No!” King asked, “Then why are you crying?” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “I am crying because I only have one soul and I wished that my souls were like my hair so all of them could leave for the sake of Allah but unfortunately I have only one soul.” The king said, “Just kiss my forehead and I will let you go!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said, “And you will release all the prisoners?” He said, “I will release all the prisoners!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه thought about the matter deeply if kissing a kafir was allowed or not. But since he saw that all Muslim prisoners would be free so he decided to do so. The king rewarded ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه with 30 male and 30 female servants and let all the Muslims go. ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه steered them to Madinah but he felt uncomfortable about his act of kissing the king’s forehead. So ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه went ‘Umar رضي الله عنه and said, “I have done a major sin! I have kissed the head of a Mushrik.” ‘Umar رضي الله عنه replied, “It is a right upon every Muslim (freed) to kiss ‘AbduLlah’s head and I will start with it!” ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه said jokingly, “O’ Ameer-ul-Mu’minin, do you want me to become bald like you? I don’t want your kisses!” But the people didn’t care about ‘AbduLlah رضي الله عنه’s sense of humour and kissed his forehead for what he had done for them.

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