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Posts Tagged ‘Usul as Sunnah’

On the Prohibition of Sitting with People of

Innovation, Listening to them, Arguing with the

m to Abandon then and those who Associate with

them

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Whoever innovates or accommodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allaah, His Angels and the whole of mankind.”

Qaadee Aboo Ya’laa (d. 333H) said, “There is consensus (Ijmaa’) among the Sahaabah and the Taabi’een as regards dissociating and cutting-off from the Innovators.”

Al-Qurtubee (d. 671H) said, “And when avoiding the people of sin has been established, as we have just explained, then avoiding the People of Innovations and Desires is foremost (i.e., more befitting).”

Al-Baghawee (d. 535H) said, “And the Sahaabah, the Taabi’een, their successors and the Scholars of the Sunnah passed away while they were upon this, united and unanimously agreed upon having enmity towards the People of Innovation and fleeing from them.”

Al-Baghawee also said, “And the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has informed about the splitting of this Ummah and the appearance of desires and innovations within it. And he ruled that deliverance would be for the one who followed his Sunnah and the Sunnah of his Companions رضي الله عنهTherefore, it is necessary for the Muslim when he sees a man engaging himself with anything from the desires and innovations, believing in them, or belittling anything from the Sunnah, that he flees from him, disowns him and leaves him — dead or alive. So he does not give salaam to him when he meets him and nor does he respond to him if he salutes first (and he should continue doing this) until this person abandons his innovation and returns to the truth.”

Ibn Qudaamah (d. 620H) said, “The Salaf used to forbid sitting with the People of Innovations, looking into their books and listening to their words.” 231 Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee (d. 418H) said in Sharh Usoolil-I’tiqaad, 1/114, “What is related from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with regards to the prohibition of debating with the Innovators.” Aboo Daawood (d. 275H) has a chapter in his Sunan, 4/197, “Chapter: Turning away from the Innovators and having hatred for them.” Al-Bayhaqee (d. 458H) said in Al- I’tiqaad, p. 236, “Chapter: Prohibition of Sitting with the Innovators.” Imaam an-Nawawee (d. 676H) mentions in Al- Adhkaar, p. 323, “Chapter: Disassociating from the People of Innovation and the People of Sin.” Ibn ‘Abbaas (d. 68H) said, “Indeed the most detestable of things to Allaah are the innovations.” Al-Hasan al-Basree (d. 110H) said, “Do not sit with the people of innovation and desires, nor argue with them, nor listen to them.”

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187H) said, “I met the best of people, all of them people of the Sunnah and they used to forbid accompanying the people of innovation.”

Ibraheem ibn Maysarah (d.132H) said, “Whoever honours an innovator has aided in the destruction of Islam.”

Sufyaan ath-Thawree (d. 161H) said, “Whoever listens to an innovator has left the protection of Allaah and is entrusted with the innovation.

Imaam Maalik (d. 179H) said, “How evil are the people of innovation, we do not give them salaam.”

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187H) said, “Whoever sits with a person of innovation, then beware of him and whoever sits with a person of innovation has not been given wisdom. I love that there was a fort of iron between me and a person of innovation. That I eat with a Jew and a Christian is more beloved to me than that I eat with a person of innovation.”

Al-Layth ibn Sa’d (d. 175H) said, “If I saw a person of desires (i.e., innovations) walking upon the water I would not accept from him.” So Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee then said, “He (al-Layth) has fallen short. If I saw him walking in the air I would not accept from him.”

Ath-Thaabit ibn al-Ajlaan said, “I met Anas ibn Maalik, Ibn al– Musayyah, al-Hasan al-Basree, Sa’eed ibn Jubair, ash-Sha’bee, Ibraaheem an-Nakha’ee, Ataa’ ibn Abee Ribaah, Taawoos, Mujaahid, ‘Abdullaah ibn Abee Mulaikah, az-Zuhree, Makhool, al-Qaasim Aboo ‘Abdur-Rahmaan, Ataa’ al-Khurasaanee, Thaabit al-Bunaanee, al-Hakam ibn ‘Utbah, Ayyoob as- Sakhtiyaanee, Hammaad ibn Muhammad ibn Seereen, Aboo ‘Aamir – and he had actually met Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq (radhiyallahu anhu), Yazeed ar-Riqaashee, and Sulaimaan ibn Moosaa — all of them were ordering me (to hold on to) the Jamaa’ah and forbidding me from the People of Desires (i.e., Innovators).”

Sa’eed ibn ‘Aamir said, “I heard my grandfather, Ismaa’eel ibn Khaarijah speaking, saying, “Two men from the People of Desires came to Muhammad ibn Seereen (d. 110H) and said, ‘0 Aboo Bakr, can we narrate to you a hadeeth?’ He said, ‘No.’ They said, ‘Then can we recite an aayah to you?’ He said, ‘No. Either you stand (and leave) or I will stand (and leave).’ So the two men stood and left. Some of the people said to him, ‘What harm would it do to you if they recited an aayah?’ He said, ‘I disliked that they read an aayah to me and then distort it, so that this falls into my heart.”

Al-Awzaa’ee (d. 157H) reports from Yahyaa ibn Katheer (d. 129H) that he said, “If you meet a person of innovation along the path, then take a path other than it.” 241

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187H) said, “If a man comes to a person to consult him and he directs him to an innovator, then he has made a deception of Islaam. Beware of going to a person of innovation for they divert (people) from the truth.”

Isma’eel at-Toosee said, “Ibn al-Mubaarak said to me, ‘Let your company be the poor and needy and beware of sitting with a person of innovation.”

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad said, “Do not sit with a person of innovation — for I fear that curses will descend upon you.”

Aboo Qilaabah (d. 104H) said, “Do not sit with them, do not mix with them for I fear that they will immerse you in their misguidance and confuse you in much of what you know.”

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad said, “Do not sit with a person of innovation. Allaah has rendered his actions futile and has taken the light of Islaam from his heart.” 246 He also said, “Do not feel safe about your deen with a person of innovation. Do not consult him in your affairs and do not sit with him, for whoever sits with a person of innovation Allaah will make him inherit blindness.”

And he said, “Verily, Allaah has angels who look for the gatherings in which remembrance is made, so look and see with whom is your sitting. Let it not be with a person of innovation for Allaah does not look at them. And a sign of hypocrisy is that a man stands and sits with a person of innovation.”

Ibn Battah (d. 387H) reported from ‘Abdullaah ibn as-Sariyy who said, “It is not the Sunnah with us, that the People of Desires should be argued with but the Sunnah with us, is that we do not talk to a single one of them.” 249 He also reported from Hanbal ibn Ishaaq ibn Hanbal that he said, “A man wrote a book to Aboo ‘Abdullaah (Imaam Ahmad) رحمه اللهseeking permission to write a book in which the refutation against the People of Innovation is explained and for meeting with the people of theological rhetoric (Ahlul-kalaam) to dispute with them and to present arguments to them. So Aboo ‘Abdullaah wrote a book back to him saying in it, ‘That which we used to hear and found whomever we met from the People of Knowledge upon, is that they used to detest speaking and sitting with the People of Deviation. The affair lies in submitting to and Stopping at whatever is in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم, not in sitting with the People of Deviation and Innovation, seeking thereby to refute them, for they will only confuse you and they themselves do not return. So safety, if Allaah wills, is in abandoning sitting with them and not disputing with them regarding their innovations.”

Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187H) said, “It is not possible for a person of the Sunnah to support a person of innovation except out of hypocrisy.”

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar as-Sarkhasee, the Scholar of Khazar, said, “I ate with a person of innovation and that reached Ibn al-Mubaarak who said, ‘I never spoke to him for thirty days.”

Aboo Daawood as-Sijistaanee (d. 275) said, “I said to Aboo ‘Abdullaah, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, ‘If I see a man from the Ahlus– Sunnah sitting with a man from the people of innovation, should I abandon speaking to him?’ He said, ‘No. You should first inform him that the one whom you saw him with is a person of innovation. Either he will cease speaking to the innovator, so continue speaking to him, or if not, then regard him to be like him.” Ibn Mas’ooj said, “A person is like his friend.”

Hammad ibn Zaid (d. 179H) said, “I was with Ayyoob, Yoonus and Ibn ‘Awn (when) ‘Amr ibn ‘Ubaid, and he was a Mu’taziliyy, passed by them and gave them salaam and stopped – but they did not return the salaam to him.”

When Sulaymaan at-Taymee (d. 143H) became ill he cried intensely and it was said to him, “What makes you cry, the apprehension of death?” He said, “No, but I passed by a Qadariyy and gave salaam to him — and I fear that my Lord will hold me to account for it.”
Muhammad ibn Ka’b al-Qurtubee said, “Do not sit with the People of Qadar (i.e., the Qadariyyah, those denying Qadar) and do not argue with them. And when Hammaad ibn Salamah (d. 167H) used to sit in a gathering he would say, “Whoever is a Qadariyy, let him stand and leave. Something similar to this has also been reported about Taawoos, Ayyoob, Sulaymaan at- Taymee, Yoonus ibn ‘Ubaid and others. Al-Qaadee said, “And this is Ijmaa (consensus) of the Sahabah and the Taabi‘een (i.e., regarding fleeing from the People of Innovation).

One of the Innovators asked Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee (d. 131H), “0 Aboo Bakr, may I ask you about a word? 257 He turned away and indicated with his hand, “No, not even half a word. Ibn ‘Awn (d. 150H) said, “Whoever sits with an innovator is worse than them.”

Ibn Haanee an-Neesaabooree said, “I witnessed Aboo ‘Abdullah, meaning Imaam Ahmad, on his way to the mosque and a man from the skeptics (innovators) gave him salaam. He did not return salaam to him and the man gave him salaam again. Imaam Ahmad pushed him away and did not return salaam to him.”

Aboo ‘Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (d. 449W) said, “And they avoid the People of Innovation and Misguidance, having enmity for the People of Desires and Ignorance. They hate the People of Innovation who introduce into the Deen that which is not from it. They do not love them, they do not accompany them, they do not listen to their words, nor sit with them or argue or dispute with them regarding the Deen. And they protect their ears from listening to their falsehoods, which if they pass by the cars and settle in the hearts, harm the hearts and bring corrupt ideas and whisperings upon them.”

Abul-Jawzaa 261 (d. 83W) said, “That apes and pigs live next to me is more loved by me than if one of them (i.e., People of Desires) lives next to me.

Taken from, “Usool as Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin رحمه الله

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The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlus-Sunnah

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Abu Uthman as-Saaboonee (d.449H) رحمه الله said, “And one of the distinguishing signs of Ahlus-Sunnah is their love for the Imams of the Sunnah, its Scholars, its helpers, and its close allies, and their hatred for the leaders of innovation who call to the Hell-Fire and who direct their associates and companions to the home of torment destruction. Allaah, the Sublime, has adorned the hearts of Ahlus-Sunnah, and the light of their hearts with love for the Scholars of the Sunnah, as a bounty from Him, Whose Magnificence is perfect and Sublime.

Al-Hakim Abu ‘AbduLlah al-Haafidh, may Allaah make him and us reside in Paradise, informed Us: Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Fadl al-Muzakkee narrated to us: Ahmad ibn Salamah (said): Abu Rajaa Qutayhah ibn Sa’eed read his Kitab-ul-Iman to us, and at the end of it there occurred, “So when you see a man loving Sufyan ath-Thawri, Malik ibn Anas, al-Awza’i, Shu’bah, Ibn al-Mubarak, Abul-Ahwas Shareek, Waki’, Yahya ibn Sa’eed and ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Mahdi, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah.” Ahmad ibn Salamah رحمه الله said, “Then I added, underneath that in my script, ‘…and Yahya (ibn Yahya), Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ishaq (ibn Ibrahim) ibn Raahawaaih…’ When we stopped at this passage (of the book) the people of Nisabur looked at us and he (Qutayhah) said, “Those people hate Yahya ibn Yahya.” So we said, “What is Yahya ibn Yahya?” He said, “A righteous man, Imaam of the Muslims. And Ishaq ibn Ibrahim is an Imaam (of the Muslims) – and in my estimation Ahmad ibn Hanbal is greater than all of those whom I have mentioned.”

And I met those whom Qutayhah رحمه الله mentioned (about whom he said) that whoever loves them then he is a person of the Sunnah, from among the Scholars of Ahlul- Hadeeth, whose model they emulate, by whose guidance they seek to guide themselves and in whose group and rank they count themselves. And in following the narrations (and sayings of these scholars) they find (i.e., are led to) another group of (righteous scholars), amongst them: Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi’i, Sa’eed ibn Zubayr, az-Zuhri, ash-Sha’bi, at- Taimee and those after them such as al-Laith ibn Sa’d (al-Misree), al-Awza’i, Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah al-Hilaaiee, Hammaad ibn Salamah, Hammed ibn Zaid, Yunus ibn ‘Ubaid, Ayyub as-Sakhtiyaanee Ibn ‘Awn and those similar to them. Then after them, the likes of Yazid ibn Harun (al-Waasitee), ‘Abdur-Razzaq (ibn Hammam as-San’aanee), Jarir ibn ‘Abdul-Hameed (ad-Dabbee) and then those after them such as Muhammad ibn Yahya adh-Dhuhlee Muhammad ibn Isma’il al-Bukhari, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayree, Abu Dawud as-Sijistani, Abu Zur’ah ar-Razi, Abu Hatim (ar-Razi) and his son, and Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Waarah (ar-Razi), Muhammad ibn Aslam at-Toosee, (Abu Sa’eed) ‘Uthman ibn Sa’eed ad-Darimi (as-Sijzi) and (Imaam) Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Khuzaimah (an- Nisaburi) the one who used to be called ‘Imaam of the Scholars,’ and al-Muqirri was the Imaam of the Scholars during his era arid time, and Abu Ya’qub Ishaq ibn Isma’il al-Bustee, (al-Hasan ibn Sufyan al-Faswi) — and my grandfather by way of my father, Abu Sa’eed Yahya ibn Mansoor az-Zahid ah-Harawi and (Abu Hatim) ‘Adi ibn Hamdawaih as-Saaboonee and his two sons, the Swords of the Sunnah, ‘Abdullah as-Saaboonee and Abu Abdullah Rahman as-Saaboonee and others besides them from the Scholars of the Sunnah, who hold fast to it, aid it, call to it and are the most gentle with and compliant to it.

And these sentences (i.e., the aforementioned aqeedah) which have been affirmed in this book constituted the ‘aqeedah of all of them. They never differed with each other about (a single matter from) it. Rather, they (unanimously) agreed upon it and it has never been established about any one of them that he was pleased with whatever opposed it).

And along with that they (unanimously) agreed with their saying about the Ahlul-Bid’ah — that they should be subdued, humiliated and disgraced, banished and driven away. That (one must) keep away from them, from those who associate with them and from those who are intimate with them. And to seek nearness to Allaah by avoiding them and fleeing from them.”

And the Ustaadh and Imaam (i.e., Abu ‘Uthman) said, “And I, by the Grace of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, am a follower of their narrations, seeking illumination by their lights (and I) advise my brothers and my companions that they should not slip away from their sign-post and that they should not follow other than their sayings. That they should not occupy themselves with these newly invented matters from among the innovations, which have become widespread amongst the Muslims (and likewise the detestable things which) have appeared and become popular (amongst the people). And if a single one of these matters appeared upon the tongue of anyone in the times of those Scholars, that they would have forsaken him, would have declared him an innovator, called him a liar and would have attributed to him, every evil and loathsome thing.

Let not my brothers, may Allaah protect them, be deceived by the abundance of the Ahlul-Bid’ah (the People of Innovation) and their large numbers (for verily, the abundance of the people of falsehood and the small number of the people of truth is a sign of the approach of the Day of Truth), since the Chosen Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Indeed, amongst the signs of the Hour and its being close at hand, is that knowledge will diminish and ignorance will be widespread.”

(And knowledge is the Sunnah and ignorance is Bid’ah. And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Verily, Iman will retreat to Madinah as a snake retreats into its burrow.” And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The Hour will not be established… … the earth anyone who says, Allaah.”

And whoever holds fast to the Sunnah of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم (today), acts upon it, remains firm upon it and calls to it, his reward is more numerous and plentiful than the one who was upon this ‘aqeedah (i.e., the above-mentioned (aqeedah) at the beginnings of Islami and faith. Since the Chosen Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “He will receive the reward of fifty (i.e. the one clinging to that which the Companions were upon the later times). “ So it was said, ‘Fifty from amongst them? He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, “No, but rather front amongst you (i.e., the Companions).”

(Abu ‘Uthman said), “I found in the book of the Shaikh, the Imaam, my grandfather, Abu ‘AbduLlah Muhammad Ibn ‘Adi Hamdawaih as-Saaboonee, Abul- Abbas, al-Hasan ibn Sufyan an-Nasawi informed us that al- ’Abbas ibn Sabeeh narrated to them (saying): ‘Abdul-Jabbar ibn Tahir narrated to us (saying): Ma’mar ibn Rashid narrated to me (saying): I heard ibn Shihab az-Zuhri saying, ‘Teaching a sunnah is more superior than two hundred years of worship.”

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn Muhammad ibn Zakariyyah ash-Shaybani – informed us, saying Abdul-Abbas Muhammad ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman ad-Daghoolee informed us, saying: “I heard Muhammad ibn Hatim al-Madhfaree saying: I heard ‘Amr ibn Muhammad saying: Abu Mu’aawiyah ad-Dareer was speaking to Harun ar-Rasheed, and he narrated to him the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah, “Adam and Musa had a dispute…” so ‘Alee ibn Ja’far said, “How can this be when there exists the gap (of time) between Adam and Musa that (which) there is.” He (i.e., the narrator) said, “So Harun jumped on account of it and said, “He is narrating to you from the Messenger and you oppose him by saying, ‘How?’ And he did not cease saying this until he calmed down and became silent.”

And in such a way, is it necessary for a person to honour and revere the narrations of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. He should receive them with acceptance, submission and affirm their truthfulness. He should disown and criticise, in the most severe fashion, anyone who takes a path other than this path, which Harun ar-Rasheedرحمه الله took with the one who resists and opposes an authentic narration which he has heard, by saying, ‘How?’ seeking thereby to reject it and to distance himself from it, and does not receive it with acceptance, in the way that everything which has been reported from the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم should he accepted. May Allah, the Sublime, make us amongst those who listen to the Word and follow the best (thereof) and who hold fast, in this world, for the duration of their lives, to the Book and the Sunnah. And may He keep us away from the desires that lead astray, the opinions that waver, and the evils that cause humiliation, as a bounty and grace from Him.

From “Usool as Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal رحمه الله

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The Sunnah Upon Which Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم Died

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

1 – The first: Being pleased and content with the Qadaa (Ordainment) of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, and submitting to His command, having patience upon His ruling, taking that which He has commanded and refraining from that which He has forbidden.

2. Having faith in Qadar, its good and its evil.

3. Abandoning quarrelling and argumentation in the religion.

4. Wiping of the khuffs [leather socks]

5. Participating in jihad with every Khalifah, whether righteous or sinful.

6. Performing [funeral] prayer over whoever dies from the people of the qiblal

7. That faith consists of speech and action, it increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience.

8. That the Qur’an is the Speech of Allah سبحانه و تعالى [which was] revealed upon the heart of His Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم It is not created, in whatever fashion it is recited or rehearsed.

9. Having patience under the banner of the one in authority, in whatever condition he may be in, just or unjust.

10. That we do not set out [in revolt] against the Rulers with the sword, even if they are unjust and oppressive.

11. That we do not declare anyone from among the people of Tawheed a disbeliever even if they commit the major sins.

12. Refraining from [talking about] whatever occurred between the Companions of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم.

13. That the best of mankind after the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم are: Abu Bakr رضي الله تعالى عنه , ‘Umar رضي الله تعالى عنه , ‘Uthman رضي الله تعالى عنه , and ‘Ali رضي الله تعالى عنه , the cousin of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم

14. Asking for Allaah’s mercy for all of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah رضي الله تعالى عنهم, and also for his offspring, his wives and his kinship through marriage may the pleasure of Allah سبحانه و تعالى be upon them all.

This is the Sunnah – stick fast to it and you will be safe. Taking its guidance and abandoning it is going astray.”

Taken from the book, “Usul as Sunnah,” by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal رحمه الله Pages 44-6

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